Graduate studies at Western
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):16- (2008)
|Abstract||The advanced sensory, psychological and social abilities of chimpanzees confer upon them a profound ability to suffer when born into unnatural captive environments, or captured from the wild – as many older research chimpanzees once were – and when subsequently subjected to confinement, social disruption, and involuntary participation in potentially harmful biomedical research. Justifications for such research depend primarily on the important contributions advocates claim it has made toward medical advancements. However, a recent large-scale systematic review indicates that invasive chimpanzee experiments rarely provide benefits in excess of their profound animal welfare, bioethical and financial costs. The approval of large numbers of these experiments – particularly within the US – therefore indicates a failure of the ethics committee system. By 2008, legislative or policy bans or restrictions on invasive great ape experimentation existed in seven European countries, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. In continuing to conduct such experiments on chimpanzees and other great apes, the US was almost completely isolated internationally. In 2007, however, the US National Institutes of Health National Center for Research Resources implemented a permanent funding moratorium on chimpanzee breeding, which is expected to result in a major decline in laboratory chimpanzee numbers over the next 30 years, as most are retired or die. Additionally, in 2008, The Great Ape Protection Act was introduced to Congress. The bill proposed to end invasive research and testing on an estimated 1,200 chimpanzees confined within US laboratories, and, for approximately 600 federally-owned, to ensure their permanent retirement to sanctuaries. These events have created an unprecedented opportunity for US legislators, researchers, and others, to consider a global ban on invasive chimpanzee research. Such a ban would not only uphold the best interests of chimpanzees, and other research fields presently deprived of funding, but would also increase the compliance of US animal researchers with internationally-accepted animal welfare and bioethical standards. It could even result in the first global moratorium on invasive research, for any non-human species, unless conducted in the best interests of the individual or species|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Mary Lee A. Jensvold, Jacquelyn C. Buckner & Gina B. Stadtner (2011). Caregiverchimpanzee Interactions with Species-Specific Behaviors. Interaction Studies 11 (3):396-409.
Roger Fouts & Erin McKenna (2011). Chimpanzees and Sign Language: Darwinian Realities Versus Cartesian Delusions. The Pluralist 6 (3):19-24.
Kristin Andrews (2005). Chimpanzee Theory of Mind: Looking in All the Wrong Places? Mind and Language 20 (5):521-536.
Dominique Lestel (2002). Human/Animal Communications, Language, and Evolution. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):201-211.
Daniel J. Povinelli & Jennifer Vonk (2004). We Don't Need a Microscope to Explore the Chimpanzee's Mind. Mind and Language 19 (1):1-28.
Howard Sankey (2010). Descartes's Language Test and Ape Language Research. Teorema 29 (2):111-123.
Nancy Howell (2003). The Importance of Being Chimpanzee. Theology and Science 1 (2):179-191.
Maria Ujhelyi (1999). Territorial Song and Facial Gesture: A Language Precursor in Apes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):572-573.
Nobuyuki Kawai & Tetsuro Matsuzawa (2001). “Magical Number 5” in a Chimpanzee. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):127-128.
Christopher Gauker (1990). How to Learn Language Like a Chimpanzee. Philosophical Psychology 4 (1):139-46.
Jelle de Boer (2011). Moral Ape Philosophy. Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):891-904.
Brian Schrag (2004). Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):726-730.
E. S. Savage‐Rumbaugh (1990). Language as a Cause‐Effect Communication System. Philosophical Psychology 3 (1):55-76.
Andrew Fenton, Re-Conceiving Nonhuman Animal Knowledge Through Contemporary Primate Cognitive Studies.
Adam Clark Arcadi (2003). Is Gestural Communication More Sophisticated Than Vocal Communication in Wild Chimpanzees? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):210-211.
Added to index2010-09-14
Total downloads2 ( #246,694 of 739,851 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,680 of 739,851 )
How can I increase my downloads?