Religious belief and the problems of cognitivity and commitment: A reappraisal based on contemporary philosophy of science
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Chapter One surveys two prominent perspectives, each held by representative philosophers and theologians: a neo-positivist perspective that religious belief (RB) is not rational and a neo-Wittgensteinian perspective that RB may be rational but only as determined by criteria internal to RB. Both perspective sharply differentiate religion from science, maintaining that religious beliefs are either not cognitive or cognitively different and that religious commitment (RC) must be absolute. I suggest that both perspectives utilize inadequate and unnecessary perceptions of science as well as religion
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