David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):309-334 (2011)
Our concern is in explaining how and why models give us useful knowledge. We argue that if we are to understand how models function in the actual scientific practice the representational approach to models proves either misleading or too minimal. We propose turning from the representational approach to the artefactual, which implies also a new unit of analysis: the activity of modelling. Modelling, we suggest, could be approached as a specific practice in which concrete artefacts, i.e., models, are constructed with the help of specific representational means and used in various ways, for example, for the purposes of scientific reasoning, theory construction and design of experiments and other artefacts. Furthermore, in this activity of modelling the model construction is intertwined with the construction of new phenomena, theoretical principles and new scientific concepts. We will illustrate these claims by studying the construction of the ideal heat engine by Sadi Carnot
|Keywords||Modelling Engineering sciences Representation Carnot Epistemic tools Heat engine|
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References found in this work BETA
Ronald N. Giere (2006). Scientific Perspectivism. University of Chicago Press.
Ronald N. Giere (1991). Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach. Philosophical Review 100 (4):653-656.
Peter Godfrey-Smith (2006). The Strategy of Model-Based Science. Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):725-740.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark Pexton (2014). How Dimensional Analysis Can Explain. Synthese 191 (10):2333-2351.
Ivan Boldyrev & Alexey Ushakov (forthcoming). Adjusting the Model to Adjust the World: Constructive Mechanisms in Postwar General Equilibrium Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology:1-19.
Sophie van Baalen & Mieke Boon (2015). An Epistemological Shift: From Evidence-Based Medicine to Epistemological Responsibility. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):433-439.
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