Mission Completed? Changing Visibility of Women's Colleges in England and Japan and Their Roles in Promoting Gender Equality in Science
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Minerva 48 (3):309-330 (2010)
The global community, from UNESCO to NGOs, is committed to promoting the status of women in science, engineering and technology, despite long-held prejudices and the lack of role models. Previously, when equality was not firmly established as a key issue on international or national agendas, women’s colleges played a great role in mentoring female scientists. However, now that a concerted effort has been made by governments, the academic community and the private sector to give women equal opportunities, the raison d’être of women’s universities seems to have become lost. This paper argues otherwise, by demonstrating that women’s universities in Japan became beneficiaries of government initiatives since the early 2000s to reverse the low ratio of women in scientific research. The paper underscores the importance of the reputation of women’s universities embedded in their institutional foundations, by explaining how female scientific communities take shape in different national contexts. England, as a primary example of a neoliberal welfare regime, with its strong emphasis on equality and diversity, promoted its gender equality policy under the auspices of the Department of Trade and Industry. By contrast, with a strong emphasis on family values and the male-breadwinner model, the Japanese government carefully treated the goal of supporting female scientists from the perspective of the equal participation of both men and women rather than that of equality. Following this trend, rather contradictorily, women’s universities, with their tradition of fostering a ‘good wife, wise mother’ image, began to be highlighted as potential gender-free institutions that provided role models and mentoring female scientists. By drawing on the cases of England and Japan, this paper demonstrates how the idea of equality can be framed differently, according to wider institutional contexts, and how this idea impacts on gender policies.
|Keywords||Gender equality policy Science education Women’s colleges Ideas and institutions Comparative study|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Henry Etzkowitz & Carol Kemelgor (2001). Gender Inequality in Science: A Universal Condition? [REVIEW] Minerva 39 (2):239-257.
Motoko Kuwahara (2001). Japanese Women in Science and Technology. Minerva 39 (2):203-216.
Madeleine Arnot, Miriam David & Gaby Weiner (1999). Closing the Gender Gap Post-War Education and Social Change. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Sharon L. Sievers (1983). Flowers in Salt the Beginnings of Feminist Consciousness in Modern Japan. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Sandra Buckley (1997). Broken Silence Voices of Japanese Feminism. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Susan E. Cozzens (2008). Gender Issues in US Science and Technology Policy: Equality of What? Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):345-356.
Eva Turner (2001). The Case for Responsibility of the IT Industry to Promote Equality for Women in Computing. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):247-260.
Naila Kabeer (2012). Empowerment, Citizenship and Gender Justice: A Contribution to Locally Grounded Theories of Change in Women's Lives. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):216-232.
Marjorie Weinzweig (1987). Pregnancy Leave, Comparable Worth, and Concepts of Equality. Hypatia 2 (1):71 - 101.
Sarah Jane Aiston (2011). Equality, Justice and Gender: Barriers to the Ethical University for Women. Ethics and Education 6 (3):279 - 291.
Eva Feder Kittay (1995). Taking Dependency Seriously: The Family and Medical Leave Act Considered in Light of the Social Organization of Dependency Work and Gender Equality. Hypatia 10 (1):8 - 29.
Sarah Sorial (2011). Habermas, Feminism, and Law: Beyond Equality and Difference? Ratio Juris 24 (1):25-48.
Beverly Dawn Metcalfe (2008). Women, Management and Globalization in the Middle East. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (1):85 - 100.
Leslie A. Howe (2007). Being and Playing: Sport and the Valorisation of Gender. In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics, Inc 331.
Patti Petesch (2012). Unlocking Pathways to Women's Empowerment and Gender Equality: The Good, The Bad, and the Sticky. Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):233-246.
Nikala Lane & Andrew Crane (2002). Revisiting Gender Role Stereotyping in the Sales Profession. Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):121 - 132.
Harry Brod (1987). The New Men's Studies: From Feminist Theory to Gender Scholarship. Hypatia 2 (1):179 - 196.
R. J. Burke & C. A. McKeen (1990). Mentoring in Organizations: Implications for Women. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (4-5):317 - 332.
Added to index2010-12-11
Total downloads22 ( #170,714 of 1,796,258 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #137,388 of 1,796,258 )
How can I increase my downloads?