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David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
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Noretta Koertge (ed.)
OUP USA (2005)
There has been much debate recently about the relationship between science and politics. This volume of essays takes an affirming, positive view of the relationship between the values embodied in science (such as honesty and precision of language) and the nature of civil society. The contributors - who include philosophers, political scientists, feminist theorists, physicists and engineers - argue that science can broadly inspire the civic virtues of an educated and tolerant global enterprise dedicated to the common good.
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Frederick B. Churchill, Recent Works in the History and Philosophy of Science Have Explored Anew the Possible Connection Between Science and Ethics. 1 They Follow a Well-Established Tradition That has Dogged Modern Science Since David Hume Questioned Whether a Moral Claim (Ie, an ''Ought'') Might Be Derived From a Factual Claim (Ie, an ''Is''). In the Post-Darwin Period, as Biologists Wrestled with Explanations for Evolution, Evo-Lutionary Ethics Became a Major Issue for Promoters of Species Descent. TH Huxley and Herbert .. [REVIEW]
Prerevolutionary Europe, T He Task of Relating Science and Civic Virtue is Problematic, Since Neither Term has a Clear or Widely Accepted Meaning. A Traditional Western Understanding of Science Includes All Systematic Bodies of Knowledge Using Reason as the Principle Instrument for Organizing and Expanding That Knowledge. In That Tradition, Theology is a Science. Hereafter, I Will Refer to That Understanding of Science as Scientia. Modern Science, of Course, is More Narrowly Conceived, Requiring and Limited to the Systematic .. [REVIEW]
Allan Franklin, George Levine, a Sympathetic and Critical Commentator on Science, Once Asked,''What If Important Scientific Discoveries Were Often Made Because the Scientist Wanted Something to Be True Rather Than Because He or She Had Evidence to Prove It True?''(Levine 1987, 13). In This Chapter I Tell the Story of Emil Konopinski, Who in the 1930s Was a Coauthor of an Alternative to Fermi's Theory of Β Decay. Although His Theory Initially Seemed to Be Supported by the Existing Experimental Evidence, Further Work .. [REVIEW]
Hindu Nationalism Postmodernism, Inthis Chapter I First Examine How Hindu Nationalists Construct the Myth of ''the Vedas as Books of Science.''I Claim That the Relativist Rhetoric of Postmodern Intellectuals has Given Philosophical Respectability to the Eclectic Patchwork of Science and Hindu Metaphysics That Goes Under the Name of ''Vedic Science.''I Argue That the Mixing Up of the Mythos of the Vedas with the Logos of Science Must Be of Great Concern Not Just to the Scientific Community, but Also to Religious People, for It is a Distortion of Both Science and Spirituality. [REVIEW]
Hindu Nationalism Postmodernism, In This Chapter I First Examine How Hindu Nationalists Construct the Myth of ''the Vedas as Books of Science.''I Claim That the Relativist Rhetoric of Postmodern Intellectuals has Given Philosophical Respectability to the Eclectic Patchwork of Science and Hindu Metaphysics That Goes Under the Name of ''Vedic Science.''I Argue That the Mixing Up of the Mythos of the Vedas with the Logos of Science Must Be of Great Concern Not Just to the Scientiﬁc Community, but Also to Religious People, for It is a Distortion of Both Science and Spirituality. [REVIEW]
Michael Ruse, Mydictionary Offers Many Meanings for the Word ''Trust,''but the First and Presumably Primary Seems the Most Pertinent for a Discussion About the Na-Ture and Practice of Science and Scientists. Trust is ''Firm Belief or Confidence in the Honesty, Integrity, Reliability, Justice, Etc. Of Another Person or Thing; Faith; Reliance.''There Seems to Be a Two-Part Reason Why Trust, as Thus Defined, is an Absolutely Crucial Component to the Practice of Science. [REVIEW]
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