David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):283–310 (2003)
This paper consists of four sections. The first section considers what the proof of necessitarianism in Spinoza's system requires. Also in the first section, Jonathan Bennett's (1984) reading of 1p16 as involving a commitment to necessitarianism is presented and accepted. The second section evaluates Bennett's suggestion how Spinoza might have been led to conclude necessitarianism from his basic assumptions. The third section of the paper is devoted to Don Garrett's (1991) interpretation of Spinoza's proof. I argue that Bennett's and Garrett's interpretations of Spinoza's necessitarianism have short-comings which justify an attempt to offer an alternative proof. In the proof given in the fourth section, it is argued that Spinoza derived necessitarianism from the conjunction of the following principles: (i) necessary existence of the substances; (ii) substance-property ontology; (iii) superessentialism; and (iv) the 'no shared attribute' thesis
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Merrihew Adams (1994). Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist. Oxford University Press.
John Carriero (1991). Spinoza's Views on Necessity in Historical Perspective. Philosophical Topics 19 (1):47-96.
E. M. Curley (1969). Spinoza's Metaphysics: An Essay in Interpretation. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
René Descartes (1984). The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Cambridge University Press.
Charles E. Jarrett (1977). The Concepts of Substance and Mode in Spinoza. Philosophia 7 (1):83-105.
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