David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):111-122 (2006)
Millions of animals are used every year in oftentimes extremely painful and distressing scientific procedures. Legislation of animal experimentation in modern societies is based on the supposition that this is ethically acceptable when certain more or less defined formal (e.g. logistical, technical) demands and ethical principles are met. The main parameters in this context correspond to the “3Rs” concept as defined by Russel and Burch in 1959, i.e. that all efforts to replace, reduce and refine experiments must be undertaken. The licensing of animal experiments normally requires an ethical evaluation process, oftentimes undertaken by ethics committees. The serious problems in putting this idea into practice include inter alia unclear conditions and standards for ethical decisions, insufficient management of experiments undertaken for specific (e.g. regulatory) purposes, and conflicts of interest of ethics committees’ members.
|Keywords||animal experimentation animal welfare ethics committees|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Franklin D. Mcmillan (2012). What Dictionary Are Animal Researchers Using? Journal of Animal Ethics 2 (1):1-5.
Similar books and articles
Rebecca Dresser (1988). Standards for Animal Research: Looking at the Middle. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):123-143.
C. R. W. Spedding (2000). Animal Welfare. Earthscan Publications.
Julia Tanner (2011). Rowlands, Rawlsian Justice and Animal Experimentation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):569-587.
Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks (1995). Util-Izing Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):13-25.
F. Barbara Orlans (1997). Ethical Decision Making About Animal Experiments. Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):163 – 171.
Alasdair Cochrane (2007). Animal Rights and Animal Experiments: An Interest-Based Approach. Res Publica 13 (3):293-318.
Richard Twine (2010). Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability, and Critical Animal Studies. Earthscan.
Jac A. A. Swart (2004). The Wild Animal as a Research Animal. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):181-197.
Andrew Knight (2011). The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments. Palgrave Macmillan.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #88,873 of 1,099,914 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #90,387 of 1,099,914 )
How can I increase my downloads?