David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):1-21 (2008)
Bernard Bolzano's philosophy of mind is closely related to his metaphysical conceptions of substance, adherence and force. Questions as to how the mind is working are treated in terms of efficient (causal) faculties producing simple and complex representations, conclusive and non-conclusive judgments, and meta-representational attitudes such as believing and knowing. My paper outlines the proximity of Bolzano's account of "mental forces" to contemporary accounts of faculty psychology such as Modularity Theory and Simple Heuristics. While the modularist notions of domain specificity and encapsulated mental faculties align with Bolzano's allotment of domain specific tasks to correspondingly specified psychological forces (e.g. judging to "judgmental force", inferring to "inferential force" etc.), the emphasis of Simple Heuristics on accurate "fast and frugal" processes aligns with Bolzano's views regarding cognitive resources and the importance of epistemic economy. The paper attempts to show how Bolzano's metaphysics of mind supposes a conception of bound rationality that determines his epistemology. Combining the rationalist concern for epistemic agent responsibility in the pursuit of knowledge with a strong confidence in the reliability of causal processes to generate the right beliefs, his epistemology shows close affinities with contemporary Virtue Epistemology. According to Virtue Epistemology, knowledge requires that true beliefs be generated by reliable processes typical of a virtuous character. The thesis that Bolzano anticipates virtue epistemological considerations is corroborated by his discussion of heuristic principles that set the norms for the acquisition of knowledge. The paper explores possible relations between such principles and the presumed low-level heuristics of cognitive processes.
|Keywords||Bolzano Naturalized epistemology Philosophy of mind|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrej Krause (2006). Are Bolzano's Substances Simple? American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):543-562.
Paul Rusnock (2012). Remarks on Bolzano's Conception of Necessary Truth. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (4):1-21.
Benjamin Schnieder (2007). Mere Possibilities - Bolzano's Account of Non-Actual Objects. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:525-550.
Benjamin Schnieder (2007). Mere Possibilities: A Bolzanian Approach to Non-Actual Objects. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (4):525-550.
Paul Rusnock (2013). On Bolzano's Concept of a Sum. History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (2):155 - 169.
Anita Konzelmann Ziv (2011). Bolzanian Knowing: Infallibility, Virtue and Foundational Truth. Synthese 183 (1):27 - 45.
Anita Konzelmann Ziv (2011). Bolzanian Knowing: Infallibility, Virtue and Foundational Truth. Synthese 183 (1):27-45.
Thomas Sturm (2008). What Is the Foundation of Norms of Rationality? In Ansgar Beckermann, Holm Tetens & Sven Walter (eds.), Philosophie: Grundlagen und Anwendungen/Philosophy: Foundations and Applications. Mentis.
Dariusz Lukasiewicz (2007). Logical and Metaphysical Assumptions of Bernard Bolzano's Theodicy. Forum Philosophicum 12 (1):33 - 56.
Johan Benthem (1985). The Variety of Consequence, According to Bolzano. Studia Logica 44 (4):389 - 403.
Paul Rusnock (2011). Kant and Bolzano on Logical Form. Kant-Studien 102 (4):477-491.
Paul Rusnock & Mark Burke (2011). Etchemendy and Bolzano on Logical Consequence. History and Philosophy of Logic 31 (1):3-29.
Bernard Bolzano (1973). Theory of Science. Boston,D. Reidel Pub. Co..
Jacques Dubucs & Sandra Lapointe (2006). On Bolzano's Alleged Explicativism. Synthese 150 (2):229 - 246.
Paola Cantù, Bolzano Versus Kant: Mathematics as a Scientia Universalis. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
Added to index2012-12-01
Total downloads11 ( #151,148 of 1,410,217 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #155,456 of 1,410,217 )
How can I increase my downloads?