David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Faith and Philosophy 10 (2):145-160 (1993)
The logical treatment of the nature of religious belief (here I will concentrate on belief in Christianity) has been distorted by the acceptance of a false dilemma. On the one hand, many (e.g., Braithwaite, Hare) have placed the significance of religious belief entirely outside the realm of intellectual cognition. According to this view, religious statements do not express factual propositions: they are not made true or false by the ways things are. Religious belief consists in a certain attitude toward the world, life, or other human beings, or in what sorts of things one values. On the other hand, others (such as Swinburne, 1981, Chapers 1 and 4) have taken religious belief to include (at least) being certain of the truth of particular factual religious propositions. The strength of a person's religious belief is identified with his degree of confidence in the truth of those propositions, measured by the "subjective probability" which those propositions have for that person. I propose a third alternative, according to which, (1) contrary to the first view, religious belief does involve a relation to factual religious propositions, such as that God exists, that Jesus was God and man, etc., -- propositions which are made true or false by the way things actually are -- but, (2) contrary to the second view, the strength of religious belief is measured, not by the degree of one's confidence1 in the truth of these propositions, but rather by the way in which the value or desirability to oneself of the various ways the world could be is affected by their including or not including the truth of these religious propositions. Thus, religious belief does consist in what one values or prizes, not in what..
|Keywords||Faith Kierkegaard infinite utilities infinitesimal probability hyperreals|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrew Collier (2003). On Christian Belief: A Defence of a Cognitive Conception of Religious Belief in a Christian Context. Routledge.
Louis Pojman (forthcoming). Faith, Hope and Doubt. Philosophy of Religion.
Derek A. McDougall (1972). Religious Belief and Philosophical Analysis. Mind 81 (324):519-532.
Patrick Lee (1989). Reasons and Religious Belief. Faith and Philosophy 6 (1):19-34.
Louis Pojman (1986). Faith Without Belief? Faith and Philosophy 3 (2):157-176.
Robert Audi (2008). Belief, Faith, and Acceptance. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 63 (1/3):87 - 102.
J. L. Schellenberg (1997). Pluralism and Probability. Religious Studies 33 (2):143-159.
Ilkka Pyysiäinen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109 – 125.
Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #165,352 of 1,410,137 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #75,890 of 1,410,137 )
How can I increase my downloads?