David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (1):1-21 (2008)
Two groups of agents, G1 and G2, face a *moral conflict* if G1 has a moral obligation and G2 has a moral obligation, such that these obligations cannot both be fulfilled. We study moral conflicts using a multi-agent deontic logic devised to represent reasoning about sentences like "In the interest of group F of agents, group G of agents ought to see to it that phi". We provide a formal language and a consequentialist semantics. An illustration of our semantics with an analysis of the Prisoner’s Dilemma follows. Next, necessary and sufficient conditions are given for (1) the possibility that a single group of agents faces a moral conflict, for (2) the possibility that two groups of agents face a moral conflict within a single moral code, and for (3) the possibility that two groups of agents face a moral conflict.
|Keywords||consequentialism moral conflicts multi-agent deontic logic stit logic|
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Citations of this work BETA
Allard Tamminga (2013). Deontic Logic for Strategic Games. Erkenntnis 78 (1):183-200.
Ming Xu (forthcoming). Combinations of Stit with Ought and Know. Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-27.
Tomoyuki Yamada (2008). Logical Dynamics of Some Speech Acts That Affect Obligations and Preferences. Synthese 165 (2):295 - 315.
Mathieu Beirlaen, Christian Straßer & Joke Meheus (2013). An Inconsistency-Adaptive Deontic Logic for Normative Conflicts. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):285-315.
John Horty (2014). Deontic Modals: Why Abandon the Classical Semantics? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4):424-460.
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