David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sophia 49 (1):15-28 (2010)
This paper critically examines what I call the ‘testing theodicy,’ the widely held idea that natural evil exists in order to test our faith in God. This theodicy appears numerous times in the scriptures of all three Abrahamic faiths. After examining some of these scriptural passages, we will argue that in light of these texts, the notion of faith is best understood as some type of commitment such as trust, loyalty or piety, rather than as merely a belief in God’s existence. After carefully showing the form this theodicy must take, I argue that the testing theodicy suffers from serious difficulties and fails to adequately account for the existence of natural evil.
|Keywords||Evil God Religion Test Faith Natural evil|
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References found in this work BETA
R. E. Ewin (1992). Loyalty and Virtues. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169):403-419.
Louis P. Pojman (1987). Philosophy of Religion an Anthology. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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