David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Acta Biotheoretica 42 (4) (1994)
Plants are interpreted as structural hierarchies which are real systems organized through descending constraints. Types of hierarchical groups in plants are (a) cluster by integration, (b) support through attachment, (c) enclosure by encasement (d) dissipative by input of energy and (e) control through variable state switching. Most plant hierarchies are mixtures of these types which explains a number of paradoxes in plant morphology. The traditional means of identifying levels, i.e., cell, tissues, organs, uses a compositional group which is not a hierarchical group but a similarity feature and so is inadequate for describing hierarchies. Hierarchies can be defined by set theory which is more a description of cognitive than real hierarchies and therefore is of little value in describing plant organization. The hierarchical description of a plant emphasizes the immediate physical status of organization which provide, in turn, a physical explanation of development.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Uko Zylstra (1992). Living Things as Hierarchically Organized Structures. Synthese 91 (1-2):111 - 133.
Robert W. Korn (2005). The Emergence Principle in Biological Hierarchies. Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):137-151.
Petra Werner & Frederic L. Holmes (2002). Justus Liebig and the Plant Physiologists. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):421 - 441.
P. Schilperoord-Jarke (1997). The Concept of Morphological Polarity and its Implication on the Concept of the Essential Organs and on the Concept of the Organisation Type of the Dicotyledonous Plant. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (1).
Robert W. Korn (2002). Biological Hierarchies, Their Birth, Death and Evolution by Natural Selection. Biology and Philosophy 17 (2):199-221.
M. Lafarge (1991). Reciprocal Conditioning Between the “Plant Stand” Level and the “Ndividual Whole Plant” Level During the Formation of the Ear Population of a Spring Cereal Crop. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4).
Jean-Louis Durand, Claude Varlet-Grancher, Gilles Lemaire, François Gastal & Bruno Moulia (1991). Carbon Partitioning in Forage Crops. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4).
Matthew Hall (2009). Plant Autonomy and Human-Plant Ethics. Environmental Ethics 31 (2):169-181.
Daniel Barthélémy (1991). Levels of Organization and Repetition Phenomena in Seed Plants. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4).
Ming Anthony & Rolf Sattler (1990). Pathological Ramification of Leaves and the Pyramid Model of Plant Construction. Acta Biotheoretica 38 (3-4).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #313,896 of 1,140,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?