David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):85–151 (2005)
This paper concerns a fundamental dispute in ontology between the “Foundational Ontologist”, who believes that there is only one correct way of characterizing what there is, and the ontological “Skeptic”, who believes that there are viable alternative characterizations of what there is. I examine in detail an intriguing recent proposal in Dorr (2005), which promises to yield (i) a way of interpreting the Skeptic by means of a counterfactual semantics; and (ii) a way of converting the Skeptic to a position within Foundational Ontology, viz., that of Nihilism (according to which nothing composes anything and the world consists of mereological simples); this alleged conversion crucially turns on a novel notion of “metaphysical analyticity”. I argue that both components of Dorr’s proposal are problematic in central ways: as a result, the Foundational Ontologist gains an indirect argument against the coherence of the Skeptic’s position; and the non-Nihilist Foundational Ontologist may feel confirmed in his doubts towards the Nihilist outlook.
|Keywords||Ontological disagreement Mereological Nihilism Analyticity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
R. Rorty (1981). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton University Press.
David K. Lewis (1986). On the Plurality of Worlds. Blackwell Publishers.
Hilary Putnam (1975). The Meaning of 'Meaning'. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7:131-193.
Hilary Putnam (1981). Reason, Truth, and History. Cambridge University Press.
Nelson Goodman (1978). Ways of Worldmaking. Harvester Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Luc Schneider (2010). Revisiting the Ontological Square. In Anthony Galton & Riichiro Mizoguchi (eds.), Proceeding of the 2010 conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference (FOIS 2010). IOS Press
Jochen Runde (1993). Paul Davidson and the Austrians: Reply to Davidson. Critical Review 7 (2-3):381-397.
Dennis Farrell Thompson (1998). Hume's Skepticism. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
H. T. Engelhardt (2010). Beyond the Best Interests of Children: Four Views of the Family and of Foundational Disagreements Regarding Pediatric Decision Making. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (5):499-517.
Lorenz B. Puntel (2001). Truth, Sentential Non-Compositionality, and Ontology. Synthese 126 (1-2):221 - 259.
Paul Teller (2004). How We Dapple the World. Philosophy of Science 71 (4):425-447.
Uriah Kriegel (2011). Two Defenses of Common-Sense Ontology. Dialectica 65 (2):177-204.
Gary H. Merrill (2011). Ontology, Ontologies, and Science. Topoi (1):71-83.
David J. Chalmers (2009). Ontological Anti-Realism. In David John Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads47 ( #91,783 of 1,911,031 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #68,712 of 1,911,031 )
How can I increase my downloads?