David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophia 35 (3-4):293-300 (2007)
One historically significant model of God holds that God is a perfect being. Analytic philosophers of religion have typically understood this to mean that God is essentially unsurpassable in power, knowledge, goodness, and wisdom. Recently, however, several philosophers have argued that this is inconsistent with another common theistic position: the view that for any world that God can create, there is a better world that God could have created instead. The argument runs (roughly) as follows: if, no matter which world God creates, there’s a better creatable one, then God’s action in creating a world is necessarily surpassable. And if God’s action in creating a world is necessarily surpassable, then God is necessarily surpassable. If this argument is sound, it reveals a serious flaw in an important model of God. In what follows, I set out this argument, and I then distinguish and evaluate four replies.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy of Science Philosophy of Mind Philosophy of Language Ethics Epistemology Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Merrihew Adams (1972). Must God Create the Best? Philosophical Review 81 (3):317-332.
Earl Conee (1994). The Nature and the Impossibility of Moral Perfection. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):815-825.
Stephen Grover (2004). Rival Creator Arguments and the Best of All Possible Worlds. Sophia 43 (1):101-114.
Stephen Grover (1988). Why Only the Best Is Good Enough. Analysis 48 (4):224 -.
Klaas J. Kraay (2005). William L. Rowe's a Priori Argument for Atheism. Faith and Philosophy 22 (2):211-234.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William J. Wainwright (2005). Rowe on God's Freedom and God's Grace. Philo 8 (1):12-22.
Erik J. Wielenberg (2004). A Morally Unsurpassable God Must Create the Best. Religious Studies 40 (1):43-62.
Susan Peppers-Bates (2008). Divine Simplicity and Divine Command Ethics. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (3):361-369.
Klaas J. Kraay (2009). Can God Choose a World at Random? In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Macmillan.
Katherin Rogers (2007). Anselm and His Islamic Contempories on Divine Necessity and Eternity. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):373-393.
Jesse R. Steinberg (2007). Leibniz, Creation and the Best of All Possible Worlds. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (3):123 - 133.
Richard Swinburne (1988). Could There Be More Than One God? Faith and Philosophy 5 (3):225 - 241.
Klaas J. Kraay (2006). God and the Hypothesis of No Prime Worlds. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (1):49-68.
Klaas J. Kraay (2011). Incommensurability, Incomparability, and God's Choice of a World. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (2):91 - 102.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads59 ( #38,348 of 1,696,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #64,794 of 1,696,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?