David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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European Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):481-494 (2010)
Abstract: The spirited part, thumos, plays a complex and often disputed role in Plato's account of the soul. The doctrine of the soul as specifically tri-partitioned seems to depend on a substantial conception of thumos as fundamental and non-reducible. Building on John Cooper's contribution in the discussion of the topic, this article aims to show that the role of thumos is characterised by an indispensable, deep-rooted urge for dignified self-preservation. The view is supported by Plato's own examples, and discussed with regards to Myles Burnyeat's account of thumos as an essentially social phenomenon. The main claim is that in order to preserve the Platonist idea of thumos as fundamental one should discard Burnyeat's characterisation of thumos as unequivocally social, and instead advocate a view of thumos as concerned with a particular form of self-preservation, which Cooper's account suggests, but does not fully elaborate.
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References found in this work BETA
Plato, John M. Cooper & D. S. Hutchinson (eds.) (1997). Plato: Complete Works. Hackett Publishing Co..
Christopher Bobonich (2002). Plato's Utopia Recast: His Later Ethics and Politics. Oxford University Press.
Angela Hobbs (2000/2006). Plato and the Hero: Courage, Manliness, and the Impersonal Good. Cambridge University Press.
M. F. Burnyeat (2006). The Truth of Tripartition. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):1-23.
Hendrik Lorenz (2006). The Analysis of the Soul in Plato's Republic. In Gerasimos Xenophon Santas (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Plato's Republic. Blackwell Pub. 146--165.
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