Idealization and factualization in science

Erkenntnis 11 (1):323 - 339 (1977)
This paper considers the method of idealization and factualization as the main method of all advanced empirical science. The procedure is as follows. Some idealizing conditions are assumed: the vanishing of factors $(p_{i}=0)$ which never vanish in the real world. An idealization law is formulated -- a law which is exactly (non-vacuously) fulfilled only in an ideal model, not in any real system. Then the idealizing assumptions are abrogated one by one-it is a process of gradual factualization, of the transition to the factual laws which are fulfilled in real systems. These laws may be directly applied and tested by experience
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Manfred Tietzel (1986). Idealisierte Erklärungen. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 17 (2):315-321.
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