David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (2):157-232 (2002)
The present paper deals with the semantics of locative expressions. Our approach is essentially model-theoretic, using basic geometrical properties of the space-time continuum. We shall demonstrate that locatives consist of two layers: the first layer defines a location and the second a type of movement with respect to that location. The elements defining these layers, called localisersand modalisers, tend to form a unit, which is typically either an adposition or a case marker. It will be seen that this layering is not only semantically but in many languages also morphologically manifest. There are numerous languages in which the morphology is sufficiently transparent with respect to the layering. The consequences of this theory are manifold. For example, we shall show that it explains the contrast between English and Finnish concerning directionals, which is discussed in Fong (1997). In addition, we shall be concerned with the question of orientation of locatives, as discussed in Nam (1995). We propose that nondirectional locatives are oriented to the event, while directional locatives are oriented to certain arguments, called movers.
|Keywords||Linguistics Philosophy of Language Artificial Intelligence Computational Linguistics Semantics Syntax|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Joost Zwarts & Peter Gärdenfors (forthcoming). Locative and Directional Prepositions in Conceptual Spaces: The Role of Polar Convexity. Journal of Logic, Language and Information:1-30.
Joost Zwarts (2005). Prepositional Aspect and the Algebra of Paths. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (6):739 - 779.
Similar books and articles
Stefano Predelli (2006). The Problem with Token-Reflexivity. Synthese 148 (1):5 - 29.
Martin Stokhof (2007). Hand or Hammer? On Formal and Natural Languages in Semantics. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (5-6):597-626.
Anastasia Giannakidou, Why Giannis Can't Scrub His Plate Clean: On the Absence of Resultative Secondary Predication in Greek.
Christopher Gauker (2012). Semantics and Pragmatics. In Gillian Russell & Delia Graff Fara (eds.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Routledge
Joost Zwarts & Yoad Winter (2000). Vector Space Semantics: A Model-Theoretic Analysis of Locative Prepositions. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (2):169-211.
Stefan Wölfl (1999). Combinations of Tense and Modality for Predicate Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 (4):371-398.
Greg Ray (1996). Ontology-Free Modal Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):333 - 361.
Ross T. Brady (1989). A Content Semantics for Quantified Relevant Logics. II. Studia Logica 48 (2):243 - 257.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #152,500 of 1,777,920 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #96,355 of 1,777,920 )
How can I increase my downloads?