David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):85 – 104 (2004)
Theories of analogical reasoning have viewed relational structure as the dominant determinant of analogical mapping and inference, while assigning lesser importance to similarity between individual objects. An experiment is reported in which these two sources of constraints on analogy are placed in competition under conditions of high relational complexity. Results demonstrate equal importance for relational structure and object similarity, both in analogical mapping and in inference generation. The human data were successfully simulated using a computational analogy model (LISA) that treats both relational correspondences and object similarity as soft constraints that operate within a limited-capacity working memory; but not with a model (SME) that treats relational structure as pre-eminent.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Eyal Sagi, Dedre Gentner & Andrew Lovett (2012). What Difference Reveals About Similarity. Cognitive Science 36 (6):1019-1050.
Dedre Gentner & Kenneth J. Kurtz (2006). Relations, Objects, and the Composition of Analogies. Cognitive Science 30 (4):609-642.
Similar books and articles
Mark Johnson (1988). Some Constraints on Embodied Analogical Understanding. In Analogical Reasoning. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Indre V. Viskontas, Keith J. Holyoak & Barbara J. Knowlton (2005). Relational Integration in Older Adults. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):390 – 410.
Jan-Willem Romeijn (2006). Analogical Predictions for Explicit Similarity. Erkenntnis 64 (2):253 - 280.
Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love (2011). Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production. Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.
Theodore Bach (2011). Structure-Mapping: Directions From Simulation to Theory. Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):23-51.
Paul F. A. Bartha (2010). By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments. Oxford University Press.
John Woods & Brent Hudak (1992). Verdi is the Puccini of Music. Synthese 92 (2):189 - 220.
Theodore Bach (2012). Analogical Cognition: Applications in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Mind and Language. Philosophy Compass 7 (5):348-360.
Keith J. Holyoak & P. Thagard (1997). The Analogical Mind. American Psychologist 52:35-44.
Jean M. Tohill & Keith J. Holyoak (2000). The Impact of Anxiety on Analogical Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):27 – 40.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #153,019 of 1,096,895 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #273,368 of 1,096,895 )
How can I increase my downloads?