David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Perspectives on Psychological Science 3 (3):149-172 (2008)
Refinements in Darwin’s theory of the origin of a moral sense create a framework equipped to organize and integrate contemporary theory and research on morality. Morality originated in deferential, cooperative, and altruistic ‘‘social instincts,’’ or decision-making strategies, that enabled early humans to maximize their gains from social living and resolve their conflicts of interest in adaptive ways. Moral judgments, moral norms, and conscience originated from strategic interactions among members of groups who experienced confluences and conflicts of interest. Moral argumentation buttressed by moral reasoning is equipped to generate universal and impartial moral standards. Moral beliefs and standards are products of automatic and controlled information-processing and decision making mechanisms. To understand how people make moral decisions, we must understand how early evolved mechanisms in the old brain and recently evolved mechanisms in the new brain are activated and how they interact. Understanding what a sense of morality is for helps us understand what it is.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Stefano Passini (2010). Moral Reasoning in a Multicultural Society: Moral Inclusion and Moral Exclusion. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (4):435-451.
Robert B. Glassman (2009). Abundant Nature's Long-Term Openness to Humane Biocultural Designs. Zygon 44 (2):355-388.
Similar books and articles
Dennis L. Krebs, Kathy Denton & Gillian Wark (1997). The Forms and Functions of Real‐Life Moral Decision‐Making. Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):131-145.
Richard Alexander (1987). The Biology of Moral Systems. Aldine de Gruyter.
Ben Fraser (2012). The Nature of Moral Judgements and the Extent of the Moral Domain. Philosophical Explorations 15 (1):1-16.
Brian Edward Zamulinski (2007). Evolutionary Intuitionism: A Theory of the Origin and Nature of Moral Facts. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
Tom L. Beauchamp (2003). A Defense of the Common Morality. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (3):259-274.
J. McKenzie Alexander (2007). The Structural Evolution of Morality. Cambridge University Press.
Christopher Toner (2011). Evolution, Naturalism, and the Worthwhile: A Critique of Richard Joyce's Evolutionary Debunking of Morality. Metaphilosophy 42 (4):520-546.
Michael Moehler (2014). The Scope of Instrumental Morality. Philosophical Studies 167 (2):431-451.
Samuel Scheffler (1992). Human Morality. Oxford University Press.
Patricia Churchland (2003). The Neural Mechanisms of Moral Cognition: A Multiple-Aspect Approach to Moral Judgment and Decision-Making. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):169-194.
Erik J. Wielenberg (2010). On the Evolutionary Debunking of Morality. Ethics 120 (3):441-464.
Added to index2012-04-02
Total downloads3 ( #307,641 of 1,101,725 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,468 of 1,101,725 )
How can I increase my downloads?