David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Techne 11 (1):42-54 (2007)
The personal computer has become the primary research tool in many scientific and engineering disciplines. The role of the computer has been extended to be an experimental and modelling tool both for convenience and sometimes necessity. In this paper some of the relationships between real models and virtual models, i.e. models that exist only as programs and data structures, areexplored. It is argued that the shift from experimenting with real objects to experimentation with computer models and simulations may also require a new approach for evaluating scientific theories derived from these models. Accepting the additional sets of assumptions that are associated with computer models and simulations requires ‘leaps of faith’, which we may not want to make in order to preserve scientific rigor. There are problems in providing acceptable arguments and explanations as to why a particular computer model or simulation should be judged scientifically sound, plausible, or even probable. These problems not only emerge from models that are particularly complex, but also in models that suffer from being too simplistic
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Denis Phan & Franck Varenne (2010). Agent-Based Models and Simulations in Economics and Social Sciences: From Conceptual Exploration to Distinct Ways of Experimenting. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 13 (1).
Ulrich Krohs (2008). How Digital Computer Simulations Explain Real-World Processes. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):277 – 292.
Axel Gelfert (2011). Scientific Models, Simulation, and the Experimenter's Regress. In Paul Humphreys & Cyrille Imbert (eds.), Models, Simulations, and Representations. Routledge.
Dirk Schlimm (2009). Learning From the Existence of Models: On Psychic Machines, Tortoises, and Computer Simulations. Synthese 169 (3):521 - 538.
Donald R. Franceschetti (2001). Biorobotic Simulations Might Offer Some Advantages Over Purely Computational Ones. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1058-1059.
Franck Varenne (2009). Simulation informatique et pluriformalisation des objets composites. Philosophia Scientiae 13 (1):135-154.
James H. Fetzer (1999). The Role Of Models In Computer Science. The Monist 82 (1):20-36.
Nigel Gilbert & Pietro Terna (2000). How to Build and Use Agent-Based Models in Social Science. Mind and Society 1 (1):57-72.
Johannes Lenhard (2007). Computer Simulation: The Cooperation Between Experimenting and Modeling. Philosophy of Science 74 (2):176-194.
Mr Peter R. Krebs, Smoke Without Fire: What Do Virtual Experiments in Cognitive Science Really Tell Us?
Ronald N. Giere (2001). The Nature and Function of Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1060-1060.
Roman Frigg & Julian Reiss (2009). The Philosophy of Simulation: Hot New Issues or Same Old Stew? Synthese 169 (3):593 - 613.
Keith R. Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219 – 231.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads8 ( #192,639 of 1,410,540 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #108,810 of 1,410,540 )
How can I increase my downloads?