David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):181-203 (1991)
This paper raises the question of the prominence and use of statistical graphs in science, and argues that their use in problem solving analysis can best be understood in an ‘interactionist’ frame of analysis, including bio-emotion, culture, social organization, and environment as elements. The frame contrasts both with philosophical realism and with social constructivism, which posit two variables and one way causal flows. We next posit basic differences between visual, verbal, and numerical media of perception and communication. Graphs are thus seen as key interactive sites where different media are transformed into more interpretable forms. Examples are taken from Limnology where numbers are transformed into graphs to find patterns in them, and thus, by implication in the environmental materials from which the numerical measurements were taken. Their revisualization by passes a human cognitive limitation, for the direct analysis — interpretation of lists and tables of numbers, visual imaging being a cognitive strength. Sense of problem, conceptual repertoire, and social relations are seen to direct this pattern search and interpretive process.
|Keywords||Interactive mechanisms research practice statistical graphs visuals|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
K. Amann & K. Knorr Cetina (1988). The Fixation of (Visual) Evidence. Human Studies 11 (2-3):133 - 169.
Marc de Mey (1982/1992). The Cognitive Paradigm: An Integrated Understanding of Scientific Development. University of Chicago Press.
K. Knorr-Cetina (1981). The Manufacture of Knowledge: An Essay on the Constructivist and Contextual Nature of Science. Pergamon Press.
B. Latour (1986). Visualization and Cognition: Thinking with Eyes and Hands. Knowledge and Society 6:1--40.
Michael Lynch (1988). The Externalized Retina: Selection and Mathematization in the Visual Documentation of Objects in the Life Sciences. [REVIEW] Human Studies 11 (2-3):201 - 234.
Citations of this work BETA
Lara Huber (2011). Norming Normality: On Scientific Fictions and Canonical Visualisations. Medicine Studies 3 (1):41-52.
Similar books and articles
D. J. Saab, Culture as Mediator for What is Ready-to-Hand: A Phenomenological Exploration of Semantic Networks.
Irina Starikova (2010). Why Do Mathematicians Need Different Ways of Presenting Mathematical Objects? The Case of Cayley Graphs. Topoi 29 (1):41-51.
Robert W. Burch (1994). Game-Theoretical Semantics for Peirce's Existential Graphs. Synthese 99 (3):361 - 375.
J. C. E. Dekker (1981). Twilight Graphs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):539-571.
Miklos Ajtai & Ronald Fagin (1990). Reachability is Harder for Directed Than for Undirected Finite Graphs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):113-150.
Priti Shah & Eric G. Freedman (2011). Bar and Line Graph Comprehension: An Interaction of Top‐Down and Bottom‐Up Processes. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):560-578.
Thomas Eiter & Georg Gottlob (1998). On the Expressiveness of Frame Satisfiability and Fragments of Second-Order Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 63 (1):73-82.
Mirna Džamonja & Saharon Shelah (2003). Universal Graphs at the Successor of a Singular Cardinal. Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (2):366-388.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #224,179 of 1,098,823 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #286,314 of 1,098,823 )
How can I increase my downloads?