Towards a balanced social psychology: Causes, consequences, and cures for the problem-seeking approach to social behavior and cognition
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):313-327 (2004)
Mainstream social psychology focuses on how people characteristically violate norms of action through social misbehaviors such as conformity with false majority judgments, destructive obedience, and failures to help those in need. Likewise, they are seen to violate norms of reasoning through cognitive errors such as misuse of social information, self-enhancement, and an over-readiness to attribute dispositional characteristics. The causes of this negative research emphasis include the apparent informativeness of norm violation, the status of good behavior and judgment as unconfirmable null hypotheses, and the allure of counter-intuitive findings. The shortcomings of this orientation include frequently erroneous imputations of error, findings of mutually contradictory errors, incoherent interpretations of error, an inability to explain the sources of behavioral or cognitive achievement, and the inhibition of generalized theory. Possible remedies include increased attention to the complete range of behavior and judgmental accomplishment, analytic reforms emphasizing effect sizes and Bayesian inference, and a theoretical paradigm able to account for both the sources of accomplishment and of error. A more balanced social psychology would yield not only a more positive view of human nature, but also an improved understanding of the bases of good behavior and accurate judgment, coherent explanations of occasional lapses, and theoretically grounded suggestions for improvement. Key Words: Bayesian inference; biases; normative models; personality; positive psychology; rationality; reasoning; social behavior; social judgment; social psychology.
|Keywords||Bayesian inference biases normative models personality positive psychology rationality reasoning social behavior social judgment social psychology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Derek Leben (2011). Cognitive Neuroscience and Moral Decision-Making: Guide or Set Aside? Neuroethics 4 (2):163-174.
Tobias Starzak (2012). Papineau's Theoretical Rationality and the Anthropological Difference. Philosophia 40 (3):473-482.
Craig R. M. McKenzie (2009). Bayes Plus Environment. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):93-94.
Eric Luis Uhlmann (2011). Post Hoc Rationalism in Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):214-214.
Similar books and articles
Heidi L. Maibom (2007). Social Systems. Philosophical Psychology 20 (5):557 – 578.
Richard E. Petty (2004). Multi-Process Models in Social Psychology Provide a More Balanced View of Social Thought and Action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):353-354.
John F. Kihlstrom (2004). Is There a “People Are Stupid” School in Social Psychology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):348-348.
Alexander Haslam, Tom Postmes & Jolanda Jetten (2004). Beyond Balance: To Understand “Bias,” Social Psychology Needs to Address Issues of Politics, Power, and Social Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):341-342.
Shannon Spaulding (2011). A Critique of Embodied Simulation. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):579-599.
Todd K. Shackelford & Robin R. Vallacher (2004). From Disorder to Coherence in Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):356-356.
Christina Lee (1998). Alternatives to Cognition: A New Look at Explaining Human Social Behavior. L. Erlbaum.
John D. Greenwood (2011). On the Social Dimensions of Moral Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):333-364.
Siu L. Chow (2004). Additional Requirements for a Balanced Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):329-331.
Joachim I. Krueger & David C. Funder (2004). Social Psychology: A Field in Search of a Center. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):361-367.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #143,963 of 1,098,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #56,973 of 1,098,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?