David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 40 (3):377 - 402 (1994)
In earlier publications of the first author it was shown that intentional explanation of actions, functional explanation of biological traits and causal explanation of abnormal events share a common structure. They are called explanation by specification (of a goal, a biological function, an abnormal causal factor, respectively) as opposed to explanation by subsumption under a law. Explanation by specification is guided by a schematic train of thought, of which the argumentative steps not concerning questions were already shown to be logically valid (elementary) arguments.Independently, the second author developed a new, inferential approach to erotetic logic, the logic of questions. In this approach arguments resulting in questions, with declarative sentences and/or other questions as premises, are analyzed, and validity of such arguments is defined.
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References found in this work BETA
Nuel D. Belnap (1976). The Logic of Questions and Answers. Yale University Press.
D. J. Shoesmith (1978). Multiple-Conclusion Logic. Cambridge University Press.
Theo Af Kuipers (1986). Explanation by Specification. Logique Et Analyse 116:509-521.
Andrzej Wiśniewski (1994). Erotetic Implications. Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (2):173 - 195.
Jaakko Hintikka (1988). What is the Logic of Experimental Inquiry? Synthese 74 (2):173-90.
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