David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 40 (3):377 - 402 (1994)
In earlier publications of the first author it was shown that intentional explanation of actions, functional explanation of biological traits and causal explanation of abnormal events share a common structure. They are called explanation by specification (of a goal, a biological function, an abnormal causal factor, respectively) as opposed to explanation by subsumption under a law. Explanation by specification is guided by a schematic train of thought, of which the argumentative steps not concerning questions were already shown to be logically valid (elementary) arguments.Independently, the second author developed a new, inferential approach to erotetic logic, the logic of questions. In this approach arguments resulting in questions, with declarative sentences and/or other questions as premises, are analyzed, and validity of such arguments is defined.
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References found in this work BETA
D. J. Shoesmith (1978). Multiple-Conclusion Logic. Cambridge University Press.
Nuel D. Belnap (1976). The Logic of Questions and Answers. Yale University Press.
Jaakko Hintikka (1988). What is the Logic of Experimental Inquiry? Synthese 74 (2):173-90.
Andrzej Wiśniewski (1994). Erotetic Implications. Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (2):173 - 195.
Jaakko Hintikka (1989). The Role of Logic in Argumentation. The Monist 72 (1):3-24.
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