The threefold evaluation of theories: A synopsis of from instrumentalism to constructive realism. On some relations between confirmation, empirical progress, and truth approximation (2000)
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):23-85 (2005)
Surprisingly enough, modified versions of the confirmation theory of Carnap and Hempel and the truth approximation theory of Popper turn out to be smoothly synthesizable. The glue between confirmation and truth approximation appears to be the instrumentalist methodology, rather than the falsificationist one.By evaluating theories separately and comparatively in terms of their successes and problems (hence even if they are already falsified), the instrumentalist methodology provides – both in theory and in practice – the straight route for short-term empirical progress in science in the spirit of Laudan. However, it is argued that such progress is also functional for all kinds of truth approximation: observational, referential, and theoretical. This sheds new light on the long-term dynamic of science and hence on the relation between the main epistemological positions, viz., instrumentalism (Toulmin, Laudan), constructive empiricism (van Fraassen), referential realism (Hacking and Cartwright), and theory realism of a non-essentialist nature (Popper), here called constructive realism.In From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism (2000) the above story is presented in great detail. The present synopsis highlights the main ways of theory evaluation presented in that book, viz. evaluation in terms of confirmation (or falsification), empirical progress and truth approximation.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John R. Welch (2005). Gruesome Predicates. In Roberto Festa, Atocha Aliseda & Jeanne Peijnenburg (eds.), Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities. Rodopi 129-137.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (2002). Beauty, a Road to the Truth. Synthese 131 (3):291-328.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (1999). Abduction Aiming at Empirical Progress or Eventruth Approximationleading to a Challenge for Computational Modelling. Foundations of Science 4 (3):307-323.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). The Instrumentalist Abduction Task and the Nature of Empirical Counterexamples: Reply to Atocha Aliseda. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):190-192.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Another Start for Abduction Aiming at Empirical Progress: Reply to Joke Meheus. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):218-220.
Bert Hamminga (2005). Constructive Realism and Scientific Progress. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):317-336.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Toward a Geometrical Theory of Truth Approximation: Reply to Thomas Mormann. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):455-457.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (1982). Approaching Descriptive and Theoretical Truth. Erkenntnis 18 (3):343 - 378.
Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Structures in Scientific Cognition: A Synopsis of Structures in Science. Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures. An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):23-92.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads171 ( #20,420 of 1,796,210 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #55,358 of 1,796,210 )
How can I increase my downloads?