David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):191 - 207 (2011)
Taking multidimensional ethics scale approach, this article describes an empirical survey of top managers' moral decision-making patterns and their change from 1994 to 2004 during morally problematic situations in the Finnish context. The survey questionnaire consisted of four moral dilemmas and a multidimensional scale with six ethical dimensions: justice, deontology, relativism, utilitarianism, egoism and female ethics. The managers evaluated their decision-making in the problems using the multidimensional ethics scale. Altogether 880 questionnaires were analysed statistically. It is concluded that relying on the utilitarian principles is a core ethical evaluation criterion amongst top business managers in Finland. This study proves that managers' moral decision-making patterns change over time. According to the results of this research, managers' moral decision-making became more multidimensional during the study period. The change is explained by (1) the inclusion of female ethics items in the scale which allows managers to show more diversity in their decisionmaking, (2) the change in the Finnish economic context from depression to economic prosperity and growth during the study period, which is conducive to the spread of post materialist values, such as the importance of social relations and (3) the increasing public discussion of the importance ethical issues in business
|Keywords||managers’ moral decision-making change multidimensional ethics scale moral dilemmas survey research Finland|
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References found in this work BETA
M. Ronald Buckley, Michael G. Harvey & Danielle S. Beu (2000). The Role of Pluralistic Ignorance in the Perception of Unethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 23 (4):353 - 364.
Betty S. Coffey & Jia Wang (1998). Board Diversity and Managerial Control as Predictors of Corporate Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1595-1603.
Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp (2001). An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals. Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.
Jeffrey Cohen, Laurie Pant & David Sharp (1993). A Validation and Extension of a Multidimensional Ethics Scale. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):13 - 26.
Cheryl A. Cruz, William E. Shafer & Jerry R. Strawser (2000). A Multidimensional Analysis of Tax Practitioners' Ethical Judgments. Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):223 - 244.
Citations of this work BETA
Tommi P. Auvinen, Anna-Maija Lämsä, Teppo Sintonen & Tuomo Takala (2013). Leadership Manipulation and Ethics in Storytelling. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (2):415-431.
Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason (2013). Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
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