Searching for a methodological synthesis -Hayek's individualism in the light of recent holistic criticism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Economic Methodology 4 (2):267-287 (1997)
This paper compares different strategies of analysing economic phe-nomena, namely individualism and holism. As it turns out, a main point for which methodological individualism is criticized is its supposed reductionism and the related arbitrariness of choosing individuals as a unit of explanation. The paper shows that there exists at least with F. A. Hayek an author who presents an evolutionary theory of economic and social change that avoids the reductionism of orthodox individualistic theory. According to Hayek, the social scientist should try to receive insights about collective phenomena by analysing to what extent rules of behaviour are adopted by some individuals, larger groups or a whole population. Besides the selection argument, Hayek's observation of learning processes as primary factors determining behaviour gives rise to a conception of mankind far beyond optimization models. Hayek thus overcomes a reductionist individualism by taking recourse to hierarchical selection and learning processes.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
F. A. Hayek (1982). Law, Legislation and Liberty. Philosophy 57 (220):274-278.
F. A. Hayek (1999). The Sensory Order: An Inquiry Into the Foundations of Theoretical Psychology. University of Chicago Press.
F. A. Hayek (1952). The Counter-Revolution of Science; Studies on the Use of Reason. Journal of Philosophy 49 (17):560-565.
Viktor Vanberg (1986). Spontaneous Market Order and Social Rules. Economics and Philosophy 2 (1):75.
Geoffrey M. Hodgson (1991). Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution: An Evaluation in the Light of Vanberg's Critique. Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):67-82.
Citations of this work BETA
Geoffrey M. Hodgson (1999). A Brief Response to Jürgen Lange-von Kulessa. Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):439-441.
Stefano Fiori (2009). Hayek's Theory on Complexity and Knowledge: Dichotomies, Levels of Analysis, and Bounded Rationality. Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (3):265-285.
Jürgen Lange-Von Kulessa (1999). A Brief Reaction to a Brief Response. Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):443-444.
Similar books and articles
G. B. Madison (1990). How Individualistic is Methodological Individualism? Critical Review 4 (1-2):41-60.
Ludwig van den Hauwe (2011). Hayek, Gödel, and the Case for Methodological Dualism. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (4):387-407.
Gustavo Cevolani (2011). Hayek in the Lab. Austrian School, Game Theory, and Experimental Economics. Logic and Philosophy of Science 9 (1):429-436.
Leslie Marsh (2010). Hayek: Cognitive Scientist Avant La Lettre. In William Butos, Roger Koppl & Steve Horwitz (eds.), Advances in Austrian Economics. Emerald
Brad Stone (2010). The Current Evidence for Hayek's Cultural Group Selection Theory. Libertarian Papers 2.
Friedrich A. von Hayek (1946). Individualism: True and False. Dublin, Hodges, Figgis & Co., Ltd.; [Etc., Etc.].
Roland Kley (1994). Hayek's Social and Political Thought. Oxford University Press.
Jakub Wozinski (2010). Hayek and Departure From Praxeology. Libertarian Papers 2.
Elliott Sober (1980). Holism, Individualism, and the Units of Selection. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:93 - 121.
Jack Birner (2014). Popper and Hayek on Reason and Tradition. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (3):263-281.
E. Angner (2002). The History of Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):695-718.
Ryszard Legutko (1997). Was Hayek an Instrumentalist? Critical Review 11 (1):145-164.
Added to index2012-02-20
Total downloads9 ( #289,274 of 1,777,464 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #142,865 of 1,777,464 )
How can I increase my downloads?