A Litmus Test for Exploitation: James Stacey Taylor's Stakes and Kidneys

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):552-572 (2009)
Abstract
James Stacy Taylor advances a thorough argument for the legalization of markets in current (live) human kidneys. The market is seemly the most abhorrent type of market, a market where the least well-off sell part of their body to the most well off. Though rigorously defended overall, his arguments concerning exploitation are thin. I examine a number of prominent bioethicists’ account of exploitation: most importantly, Ruth Sample’s exploitation as degradation. I do so in the context of Taylor’s argument, with the aim of buttressing Taylor’s position that a regulated kidney market is morally allowable. I argue that Sample fails to provide normative grounds consistent with her claim that exploitation is wrong. I then reformulate her account for consistency and plausibility. Still, this seemingly more plausible view does not show that Taylor’s regulated kidney market is prohibitively exploitative of impoverished persons. I tack into place one more piece of support for Taylor’s conclusion.
Keywords kidney  exploitation
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References found in this work BETA
Gerald Dworkin (1976). Autonomy and Behavior Control. Hastings Center Report 6 (1):23-28.
Citations of this work BETA
J. S. Taylor (2009). Autonomy and Organ Sales, Revisited. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):632-648.
Similar books and articles
Allen W. Wood (1995). Exploitation. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):136--158.
Paul McLaughlin (2008). The Ethics of Exploitation. Studia Philosophica Estonica 1 (3):5-16.
Paul M. Hughes (1998). Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89-95.
Vittorio Bufacchi (2002). The Injustice of Exploitation. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (1):1-15.
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