David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):552-572 (2009)
James Stacy Taylor advances a thorough argument for the legalization of markets in current (live) human kidneys. The market is seemly the most abhorrent type of market, a market where the least well-off sell part of their body to the most well off. Though rigorously defended overall, his arguments concerning exploitation are thin. I examine a number of prominent bioethicists’ account of exploitation: most importantly, Ruth Sample’s exploitation as degradation. I do so in the context of Taylor’s argument, with the aim of buttressing Taylor’s position that a regulated kidney market is morally allowable. I argue that Sample fails to provide normative grounds consistent with her claim that exploitation is wrong. I then reformulate her account for consistency and plausibility. Still, this seemingly more plausible view does not show that Taylor’s regulated kidney market is prohibitively exploitative of impoverished persons. I tack into place one more piece of support for Taylor’s conclusion.
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References found in this work BETA
Clifford Earle Bartz (2003). Operation Blue, ULTRA: DION--The Donation Inmate Organ Network. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):37-43.
Gerald Dworkin (1976). Autonomy and Behavior Control. Hastings Center Report 6 (1):23-28.
K. Helmut Reich (2003). Teaching Genesis: A Present-Day Approach Inspired by the Prophet Nathan. Zygon 38 (3):633-641.
Robert S. Taylor (2003). Rawls’s Defense of the Priority of Liberty: A Kantian Reconstruction. Philosophy and Public Affairs 31 (3):246–271.
Citations of this work BETA
J. S. Taylor (2009). Autonomy and Organ Sales, Revisited. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):632-648.
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