Utpaladeva's Conception of Self in the Context of the Ātmavāda-anātmavāda Debate and in Comparison with Western Theological Idealism
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy East and West 62 (3):339-358 (2012)
This essay examines the unique conception of self (atman) developed by Utpaladeva, one of the greatest philosophers of the Kashmir Saiva Recognition (Pratyabhijña) school, in polemics with Buddhist no-self theorists and rival Hindu schools. The central question that fueled philosophical debate between Hinduism and Buddhism for centuries is whether a continuous stable entity, which is either consciousness itself or serves as the ground of consciousness, is required to sustain all the experienced features of embodied physical and mental activity, and, in the context of the conceptualization of the world as saṃsara, whether such a self persists between rebirths and in liberation. Utpaladeva argues contra Buddhists and contra other atmavadins not only that differentiation and unity or change and continuity are compatible, but that a coherent account of our experience requires a continuous dynamic substratum that accommodates both. The Pratyabhijña's atman is opposed to that of Nyaya, Vaiseṣika, and Mimaṣs;a insofar as it is de-individuated, which makes it close to Advaita's Brahman, also a universal consciousness, from which it differs, however, insofar as it is theological and acts as the contentbearer by taking on forms, as opposed to being impersonal and passive. When compared with theologies, both from within and outside the wider domain of Hindu thought, the Pratyabhijña proves to be unique in that it gives a philosophically nuanced account of God, who stands in a nondual relationship to the individual self. This essay also compares the Pratyabhijña's theological account of self with the theological idealism of Berkeley and Bradley, finding it closer to the latter. Comparing the Pratyabhijña with its nearest Western philosophical counterparts should make it more accessible and intelligible from the standpoint of the Western academy and pave the way for involving its rich and distinctive conception of self in the fledgling cross-cultural philosophical dialogue on questions concerning self and consciousness
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Bruno M. J. Nagel (1995). Unity and Contradiction: Some Arguments in Utpaladeva and Abhinavagupta for the Evidence of the Self as Śiva. Philosophy East and West 45 (4):501-525.
Saam Trivedi (2005). Idealism and Yogacara Buddhism. Asian Philosophy 15 (3):231 – 246.
Dennis Schulting (2010). Kant's Idealism: The Current Debate. In Dennis Schulting Jacco Verburgt (ed.), Kant's Idealism. Springer
Jay L. Garfield (1997). Vasubandhu's Treatise on the Three Natures Translated From the Tibetan Edition with a Commentary. Asian Philosophy 7 (2):133 – 154.
Alan Tomhave (2010). Cartesian Intuitions, Humean Puzzles, and the Buddhist Conception of the Self. Philosophy East and West 60 (4):443-457.
Adrian Haddock (2008). McDowell and Idealism. Inquiry 51 (1):79 – 96.
Benedikt Paul Göcke (2009). From Physicalism to Theological Idealism. In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne und Personen. Ontos
H. W. B. Joseph (1929/1975). A Comparison of Kant's Idealism with That of Berkeley. Haskell House Publishers.
Stewart Candlish (2007). The Russell/Bradley Dispute and its Significance for Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.
Sebastian Gardner (2005). Sartre, Intersubjectivity, and German Idealism. Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (3):325-351.
Ann E. Cudd (2005). Missionary Positions. Hypatia 20 (4):164-182.
Sigrun Bielfeldt (2004). Die Wüste des Realen: Slavoj Žižek Und der Deutsche Idealismus. Studies in East European Thought 56 (4):335-356.
Mary I. Bockover (2010). Confucianism and Ethics in the Western Philosophical Tradition II: A Comparative Analysis of Personhood. Philosophy Compass 5 (4):317-325.
Ulf Zackariasson (2009). A Critique of Foundationalist Conceptions of Comprehensive Doctrines in the Religion in Politics-Debate. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 65 (1):11 - 28.
Thomas Guarino (1995). Philosophy Within Theology in Light of the Foundationalism Debate. Philosophy and Theology 9 (1/2):57-69.
Added to index2012-08-06
Total downloads21 ( #173,770 of 1,792,026 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #139,047 of 1,792,026 )
How can I increase my downloads?