David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (4):255-265 (2008)
Most agree that, if all else is equal, patients should be provided with enough information about proposed medical therapies to allow them to make an informed decision about what, if anything, they wish to receive. This is the principle of informed choice; it is closely related to the notion of informed consent. Contemporary clinical trials are analysed according to classical statistics. This paper puts forward the argument that classical statistics does not provide the right sort of information for informing choice. The notion of probability used by classical statistics is complex and difficult to communicate. Therapeutic decisions are best informed by statistical approaches that assign probabilities to hypotheses about the benefits and harms of therapies. Bayesian approaches to statistical inference provide such probabilities.
|Keywords||Classical statistics Bayesian statistics Informed choice Informed consent Randomised controlled trials 1103 Clinical Sciences|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
J. Savulescu & R. W. Momeyer (1997). Should Informed Consent Be Based on Rational Beliefs? Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (5):282-288.
M. Kottow (2004). The Battering of Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):565-569.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Hans-Martin Sass (1998). Genotyping in Clinical Trials: Towards a Principle of Informed Request. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):288 – 296.
P. Allmark (2006). Choosing Health and the Inner Citadel. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):3-6.
O. O'Neill (2001). Informed Consent and Genetic Information. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (4):689-704.
Tom Walker (2012). Informed Consent and the Requirement to Ensure Understanding. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (1):50-62.
N. Waller Bruce (1995). Individual Autonomy and the Double-Blind Controlled Experiment: The Case of Desperate Volunteers. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1).
S. G. Nicholls (2010). Knowledge or Understanding? Informed Choice in the Context of Newborn Bloodspot Screening. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):128-136.
Deborah Bowman (2011). Informed Consent: A Primer for Clinical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Carolyn Ells (2003). Foucault, Feminism, and Informed Choice. Journal of Medical Humanities 24 (3-4):213-228.
M. Sheehan (2011). Can Broad Consent Be Informed Consent? Public Health Ethics 4 (3):226-235.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #209,086 of 1,777,915 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #169,156 of 1,777,915 )
How can I increase my downloads?