David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 35 (2):297-329 (2011)
Neuropsychological studies suggest the existence of lateralized networks that represent categorical and coordinate types of spatial information. In addition, studies with neural networks have shown that they encode more effectively categorical spatial judgments or coordinate spatial judgments, if their input is based, respectively, on units with relatively small, nonoverlapping receptive fields, as opposed to units with relatively large, overlapping receptive fields. These findings leave open the question of whether interactive processes between spatial detectors and types of spatial relations can be modulated by spatial attention. We hypothesized that spreading the attention window to encompass an area that includes two objects promotes coordinate spatial relations, based on coarse coding by large, overlapping, receptive fields. In contrast, narrowing attention to encompass an area that includes only one of the objects benefits categorical spatial relations, by effectively parsing space. By use of a cueing procedure, the spatial attention window was manipulated to select regions of differing areas. As predicted, when the attention window was large, coordinate spatial transformations were noticed faster than categorical transformations; in contrast, when the attention window was relatively smaller, categorical spatial transformations were noticed faster than coordinate transformations. Another novel finding was that coordinate changes were noticed faster when cueing an area that included both objects as well as the empty space between them than when simultaneously cueing both areas including the objects while leaving the gap between them uncued
|Keywords||Spatial relations Coarse coding Attention cueing Attentional focus Coordinate Attentional scale Categorical Visual attention|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Dana H. Ballard (1986). Cortical Connections and Parallel Processing: Structure and Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):67.
P. Cavanagh & G. Alvarez (2005). Tracking Multiple Targets with Multifocal Attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (7):349-354.
Patrick Cavanagh, Angela T. Labianca & Ian M. Thornton (2001). Attention-Based Visual Routines: Sprites. Cognition 80 (1-2):47-60.
R. Egly, J. Driver & R. D. Rafal (1994). Shifting Visual Attention Between Objects and Locations: Evidence From Normal and Parietal Lesion Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 123 (2):161-177.
J. Gobell & M. Carrasco (2005). Attention Alters the Appearance of Spatial Frequency and Gap Size. Psychological Science 16 (8):644-651.
Citations of this work BETA
Kurt Stocker (2012). The Time Machine in Our Mind. Cognitive Science 36 (3):385-420.
Steven L. Franconeri, Jason M. Scimeca, Jessica C. Roth, Sarah A. Helseth & Lauren E. Kahn (2012). Flexible Visual Processing of Spatial Relationships. Cognition 122 (2):210-227.
Similar books and articles
R. W. Kentridge, L. H. de-Wit & C. A. Heywood (2008). What is Attended in Spatial Attention? Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (4):105-111.
Shaun P. Vecera (2000). Toward a Biased Competition Account of Object-Based Segregation and Attention. Brain and Mind 1 (3):353-384.
Noa Latham (2002). Spatiotemporal and Spatial Particulars. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):17-35.
Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2003). Layers: A New Approach to Locating Objects in Space. In W. Kuhn M. F. Worboys & S. Timpf (eds.), Spatial Information Theory: Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Springer.
Ned Markosian (2000). What Are Physical Objects? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):375-395.
Shruti Baijal & Narayanan Srinivasan (2009). Types of Attention Matter for Awareness: A Study with Color Afterimages. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1039-1048.
Xavier Sonnerat, The Effects of Spatial Attention on Unconscious, Affective, Location, and Feature Priming.
Leonid Tchertov (2005). Spatial Semiosis and Time. Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):297-314.
Lynn C. Robertson (2003). Binding, Spatial Attention and Perceptual Awareness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (2):93-102.
Roderick M. Chisholm (1993). Spatial Continuity and the Theory of Part and Whole: A Brentano Study. Brentano Studien 4:11-24.
Nora S. Newcombe (2001). A Spatial Coding Analysis of the a-Not-B Error: What IS “Location at A”? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):57-58.
Melanie A. George, Veronika B. Dobler, Elaine Nicholls & Tom Manly (2005). Spatial Awareness, Alertness, and ADHD: The Re-Emergence of Unilateral Neglect with Time-on-Task. Brain and Cognition 57 (3):264-275.
Jeffrey Grupp (2005). The Impossibility of Relations Between Non-Collocated Spatial Objects and Non-Identical Topological Spaces. Axiomathes 15 (1):85-141.
Dan Passell (1988). Individuation. Philosophy Research Archives 14:395-403.
Added to index2010-10-13
Total downloads7 ( #185,130 of 1,100,793 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #289,727 of 1,100,793 )
How can I increase my downloads?