David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social Epistemology 21 (3):281 – 297 (2007)
At the intersection of social and virtue epistemology lies the important, yet so far entirely neglected, project of articulating the social dimensions of epistemic virtues. Perhaps the most obvious way in which epistemic virtues might be social is that they may be possessed by social collectives. We often speak of groups as if they could instantiate epistemic virtues. It is tempting to think of these expressions as ascribing virtues not to the groups themselves, but to their members. Adapting Margaret Gilbert's arguments against individualist accounts of collective beliefs, I show that individualist accounts of group virtues are either too weak or too strong. I then formulate a non-individualist account modeled after Gilbert's influential account of collective beliefs. A crucial disanalogy between collective traits and beliefs, I argue, makes the success of this model unlikely. I conclude with some questions with which the future work on collective epistemic virtues should engage.
|Keywords||belief, collective knowledge, epistemology, gilbert margaret, group, individualism, social epistemology, virtue|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Guy Axtell & J. Adam Carter (2008). Just the Right Thickness: A Defense of Second-Wave Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Papers 37 (3):413-434.
Similar books and articles
Margaret Gilbert (1987). Modelling Collective Belief. Synthese 73 (1):185-204.
Jason Kawall (2002). Other–Regarding Epistemic Virtues. Ratio 15 (3):257–275.
Adam Kovach (2006). Epistemic Virtues and the Deliberative Frame of Mind. Social Epistemology 20 (1):105 – 115.
Melinda Bonnie Fagan (2011). Is There Collective Scientific Knowledge? Arguments From Explanation. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):247-269.
Margaret P. Gilbert (2004). Collective Epistemology. Episteme 1 (2):95--107.
Kay Mathiesen (2006). The Epistemic Features of Group Belief. Episteme 2 (3):161-175.
S. Goldberg (2009). The Social Virtues: Two Accounts. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 24 (4):237-248.
K. Brad Wray (2001). Collective Belief and Acceptance. Synthese 129 (3):319-33.
Don Fallis (2007). Collective Epistemic Goals. Social Epistemology 21 (3):267 – 280.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads60 ( #25,981 of 1,102,731 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #11,979 of 1,102,731 )
How can I increase my downloads?