David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (2):155-189 (2008)
A genealogical excavation of the pre transpersonal movement uncovers a hitherto unrecognized process of hybridity and syncretism occurring in the 1960s U.S. counter culture. The presence of hybridity in the movement's prehistory has serious repercussions for current maps in transpersonalism (and religious enactments in general). It is argued here that current transpersonal theories have built themselves on an unexamined foundation of magic, sorcery, and cosmological hybridization. Ken Wilber's neoperennialist cosmos will be construed as an assimilationist strain of hybridity. Jorge Ferrer's more culture-friendly postulate of an "Ocean with Many Shores" suggests a kind of cosmological multiculturalism. However, what appear to be fixities in his cosmology lend themselves to critical reevaluation of this aspect of his revision of transpersonal psychology.
|Keywords||participatory spirituality cosmological hybridization transpersonal psychology perennial tradition buddhism|
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Clifford Geertz (1973). Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture. In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books
Steven T. Katz (1978). Language, Epistemology, and Mysticism. In Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis. Oxford University Press 22--74.
Charles Stewart (1999). Syncretism and Its Synonyms: Reflections on Cultural Mixture. Diacritics 29 (3):40-62.
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