David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):193-210 (1988)
Soil is fragile and nonrenewable but the most basic of natural resources. It has a capacity to tolerate continuous use but only with proper management. Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labor and other cultural inputs in agriculture is another issue. Fertilizers and chemicals account for about 25% of the production energy investment in agriculture. An additional 60% is accounted for by machinery, gasoline, electricity, and power-related inputs. Fertilizer additions to cropland are not utilized fully and significant amounts, depending on conditions, are either lost in surface runoff or leached into the ground water. The annual discharge of dissolved solids from agricultural lands to the waterways in the USA is substantial. The increasing use of herbicides in agriculture is a threat to the quality of surface and ground water, although this threat is dependent upon both the chemistry of the compound and the ecosystem in which it is used. Especially within the Third World, development of an environmental ethic and environmental laws have not kept pace with the increase in pesticide use. Above all is the severe and global problem of soil degradation currently occurring at the rate of five to seven million hectares per year. The policy and moral aspects of these issues are discussed.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
A. Whitney Sanford (2011). Ethics, Narrative, and Agriculture: Transforming Agricultural Practice Through Ecological Imagination. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):283-303.
V. G. Thomas & P. G. Kevan (1993). Basic Principles of Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (1):1-19.
David Pimentel (1991). Ethanol Fuels: Energy Security, Economics, and the Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):1-13.
Kishor Atreya, Bishal Sitaula, Fred Johnsen & Roshan Bajracharya (2011). Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (1):49-62.
Bishal Kishor Atreya, Fred K. Sitaula, Roshan H. Johnsen & M. Bajracharya (forthcoming). Continuing Issues in the Limitations of Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.
E. G. Beauchamp (1990). Animals and Soil Sustainability. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):89-98.
David Pimentel (1990). Environmental and Social Implications of Waste in U.S. Agriculture and Food Sectors. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):5-20.
Mohammad Khan & S. Shah (2011). Agricultural Development and Associated Environmental and Ethical Issues in South Asia. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (6):629-644.
E. Ann Clark & B. R. Christie (1988). A Forage-Based Vision of Ontario Agriculture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):109-121.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #173,263 of 1,413,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #94,221 of 1,413,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?