David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):463 - 479 (2008)
In this article, we analyzed the effect of various factors on moral judgment and ethical attitudes of working persons. It was found that the effect of various socio-demographic factors on ethical attitudes varied between the two different categories of ethical issues under study, issues which involve explicit violation of laws vis-à-vis issues which involved social concerns. Our results did not support the implication of Callahan’s hypothesis that males are more sensitive to rule-based ethical issues while women are to issues involving social concerns; it was found that females have a lower acceptability of unethical behaviors related to both categories of issues in Hong Kong, whereas gender effect was not statistically significant in Mainland China. University education also had no significant effect on ethical attitudes. Religion played an important role in affecting ethical attitudes, however, its effect varied with different types of religions; Christianity was found to be most favorable to higher ethical standards, but people of traditional Chinese religion had a higher acceptability of unethical behaviors involving social concerns compared to people with no religion. Our finding also indicated that employees in state-owned enterprises, private employees, employees in foreign-investment firms, and employers in Mainland China all had a higher acceptability of unethical law-breaking behaviors compared to workers in collectives, throwing doubt on the validity of convergence theory in Mainland China.
|Keywords||China ethical attitudes gender Hong Kong moral judgment religion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
James R. Rest & Darcia Narváez (eds.) (1994). Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics. L. Erlbaum Associates.
Stephen J. Conroy & Tisha L. N. Emerson (2004). Business Ethics and Religion: Religiosity as a Predictor of Ethical Awareness Among Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (4):383-396.
Michael Bommer, Clarence Gratto, Jerry Gravander & Mark Tuttle (1987). A Behavioral Model of Ethical and Unethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (4):265 - 280.
W. Edward Stead, Dan L. Worrell & Jean Garner Stead (1990). An Integrative Model for Understanding and Managing Ethical Behavior in Business Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 9 (3):233 - 242.
Citations of this work BETA
Ran Zhang, Jigao Zhu, Heng Yue & Chunyan Zhu (2010). Corporate Philanthropic Giving, Advertising Intensity, and Industry Competition Level. Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):39 - 52.
Bala Ramasamy, Matthew C. H. Yeung & Alan K. M. Au (2010). Consumer Support for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Role of Religion and Values. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):61 - 72.
Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
Ahmet Ekici & Sule Onsel (2013). How Ethical Behavior of Firms is Influenced by the Legal and Political Environments: A Bayesian Causal Map Analysis Based on Stages of Development. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):271-290.
Zhenzhong Ma (2010). The SINS in Business Negotiations: Explore the Cross-Cultural Differences in Business Ethics Between Canada and China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):123 - 135.
Similar books and articles
Wei Yang & Kit-Chun Lam (2012). An Ethical Analysis of Economic Issues Related to the Appreciation of Renminbi. Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):79-87.
Kit-Chun Lam (2002). A Study of the Ethical Performance of Foreign-Investment Enterprises in the China Labor Market. Journal of Business Ethics 37 (4):349 - 365.
William J. Mitchell, Phillip V. Lewis & N. L. Reinsch (1992). Bank Ethics: An Exploratory Study of Ethical Behaviors and Perceptions in Small, Local Banks. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (3):197 - 205.
Soheila Mirshekary & Ann D. K. Lawrence (2009). Academic and Business Ethical Misconduct and Cultural Values: A Cross National Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (3):141-157.
Gael M. McDonald & Pak Cho Kan (1997). Ethical Perceptions of Expatriate and Local Managers in Hong Kong. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (15):1605-1623.
Ian Phau & Garick Kea (2007). Attitudes of University Students Toward Business Ethics: A Cross-National Investigation of Australia, Singapore and Hong Kong. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 72 (1):61 - 75.
Suli Sui & Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (2007). Commercial Genetic Testing in Mainland China: Social, Financial and Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):229-237.
Judy Tsui & Carolyn Windsor (2001). Some Cross-Cultural Evidence on Ethical Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (2):143 - 150.
S. Chow Wing, P. Wu Jane & K. K. Chan Allan (2009). The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Behavior of Chinese Managers in the Information Age in China. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4).
Wing S. Chow, Jane P. Wu & Allan K. K. Chan (2009). The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Behavior of Chinese Managers in the Information Age in China. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):629 - 639.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads15 ( #175,574 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #231,316 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?