Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cambridge University Press (1994)
Why do speakers of all languages use different grammatical structures under different communicative circumstances to express the same idea? In this comprehensive study, Professor Lambrecht explores the relationship between the structure of sentences and the linguistic and extra-linguistic contexts in which they are used. His analysis is based on the observation that the structure of a sentence reflects a speaker's assumptions about the hearer's state of knowledge and consciousness at the time of the utterance. This relationship between speaker assumptions and formal sentence structure is governed by rules and conventions of grammar, in a component called 'information structure'. Four independent but interrelated categories are analysed: presupposition and assertion, identifiability and activation, topic, and focus.
|Keywords||Grammar, Comparative and general Sentences Grammar, Comparative and general Syntax Discourse analysis Pragmatics|
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|Call number||P295.L36 1994|
|ISBN(s)||9780521380560 0521587042 0521380561|
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Citations of this work BETA
Itamar Francez (2009). Existentials, Predication, and Modification. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (1):1-50.
Adele E. Goldberg (2013). Argument Structure Constructions Versus Lexical Rules or Derivational Verb Templates. Mind and Language 28 (4):435-465.
Paul Ibbotson, Anna L. Theakston, Elena V. M. Lieven & Michael Tomasello (2012). Semantics of the Transitive Construction: Prototype Effects and Developmental Comparisons. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1268-1288.
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