Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cambridge University Press (1994)
Why do speakers of all languages use different grammatical structures under different communicative circumstances to express the same idea? In this comprehensive study, Professor Lambrecht explores the relationship between the structure of sentences and the linguistic and extra-linguistic contexts in which they are used. His analysis is based on the observation that the structure of a sentence reflects a speaker's assumptions about the hearer's state of knowledge and consciousness at the time of the utterance. This relationship between speaker assumptions and formal sentence structure is governed by rules and conventions of grammar, in a component called 'information structure'. Four independent but interrelated categories are analysed: presupposition and assertion, identifiability and activation, topic, and focus.
|Keywords||Grammar, Comparative and general Sentences Grammar, Comparative and general Syntax Discourse analysis Pragmatics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$55.00 new (39% off) $59.49 used (34% off) $79.22 direct from Amazon (11% off) Amazon page|
|Call number||P295.L36 1994|
|ISBN(s)||9780521380560 0521587042 0521380561|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Itamar Francez (2009). Existentials, Predication, and Modification. Linguistics and Philosophy 32 (1):1-50.
Adele E. Goldberg (2013). Argument Structure Constructions Versus Lexical Rules or Derivational Verb Templates. Mind and Language 28 (4):435-465.
Paul Ibbotson, Anna L. Theakston, Elena V. M. Lieven & Michael Tomasello (2012). Semantics of the Transitive Construction: Prototype Effects and Developmental Comparisons. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1268-1288.
Similar books and articles
Susanne Winkler (1997). Focus and Secondary Predication. Mouton De Gruyter.
G. David Morley (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. Continuum.
Zvi Penner (1988). The Grammar of the Nominal Sentence: A Government-Binding Approach. Universitaet Bern, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft.
Eva Koktova (1999). Word-Order Based Grammar. Mouton De Gruyter.
Andrew Carnie & Eithne Guilfoyle (eds.) (2000). The Syntax of the Verb Initial Languages. Oxford University Press.
J. E. Miller (1985). Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections. Cambridge University Press.
E. K. Brown (1991). Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure. Harper-Collins Academic.
Cornelia Eva Keijsper (1985). Information Structure: With Examples From Russian, English, and Dutch. Rodopi.
Joseph Evans Grimes (ed.) (1986). Sentence Initial Devices. Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads122 ( #7,705 of 1,101,768 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #11,441 of 1,101,768 )
How can I increase my downloads?