David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):145-173 (2011)
Visual imagination (or visualization) is peculiar in being both free, in that what we imagine is up to us, and useful to a wide variety of practical reasoning tasks. How can we rely upon our visualizations in practical reasoning if what we imagine is subject to our whims? The key to answering this puzzle, I argue, is to provide an account of what constrains the sequence in which the representations featured in visualization unfold—an account that is consistent with its freedom. Three different proposals are outlined, building on theories that link visualization to sensorimotor predictive mechanisms (e.g., efference copies, forward models ). Each sees visualization as a kind of reasoning, where its freedom consists in our ability to choose the topic of the reasoning. Of the three options, I argue that the approach many will find most attractive—that visualization is a kind of off-line perception, and is therefore in some sense misrepresentational—should be rejected. The two remaining proposals both conceive of visualization as a form of sensorimotor reasoning that is constitutive of one’s commitments concerning the way certain kinds of visuomotor scenarios unfold. According to the first, these commitments impinge on one’s web of belief from without, in the manner of normal perceptual experience; according to the second, these commitments just are one’s (occurrent) beliefs about such generalizations. I conclude that, despite being initially counterintuitive, the view of visualization as a kind of occurrent belief is the most promising
|Keywords||imagination mental imagery simulation visualization sensory imagination|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Arp (2008). Scenario Visualization: An Evolutionary Account of Creative Problem Solving. A Bradford Book.
Lawrence W. Barsalou (1999). Perceptual Symbol Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):577-660.
José Luis Bermúdez (2009). Mindreading in the Animal Kingdom. In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press.
E. Bisiach, C. Luzzatti & D. Perani (1979). Unilateral Neglect, Representational Schema, and Consciousness. Brain 102:609-18.
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Daniel M. Wolpert & Christopher D. Frith (2002). Abnormalities in the Awareness of Action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (6):237-242.
Citations of this work BETA
Peter Langland-Hassan (2012). Pretense, Imagination, and Belief: The Single Attitude Theory. Philosophical Studies 159 (2):155-179.
Similar books and articles
Valeria Giardino (2010). Intuition and Visualization in Mathematical Problem Solving. Topoi 29 (1):29-39.
David Kirsh (2003). Quantifying the Relative Roles of Shadows, Steropsis, and Aocal Accomodation in 3D Visualization. The 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing.
James Franklin (2000). Diagrammatic Reasoning and Modelling in the Imagination: The Secret Weapons of the Scientific Revolution. In Guy Freeland & Anthony Corones (eds.), 1543 and All That: Image and Word, Change and Continuity in the Proto-Scientific Revolution. Kluwer.
J. Gregory Trafton, Susan B. Trickett & Farilee E. Mintz (2005). Connecting Internal and External Representations: Spatial Transformations of Scientific Visualizations. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 10 (1):89-106.
Kajsa Bråting & Johanna Pejlare (2008). Visualizations in Mathematics. Erkenntnis 68 (3):345 - 358.
Jessica Carter (2010). Diagrams and Proofs in Analysis. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):1 – 14.
J. M. Shorter (1952). Imagination. Mind 61 (October):528-542.
R. Arp (2006). The Environments of Our Hominin Ancestors, Tool-Usage, and Scenario Visualization. Biology and Philosophy 21 (1):95-117.
Francis T. Marchese (2013). Periodicity, Visualization, and Design. Foundations of Chemistry 15 (1):31-55.
Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.) (1996). Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
Carole J. Clem & Jean Paul Rigaut (1995). Computer Simulation Modelling and Visualization of 3d Architecture of Biological Tissues. Acta Biotheoretica 43 (4).
Robert Arp (2005). Scenario Visualization: One Explanation of Creative Problem Solving. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (3):31-60.
Edward Craig (1976). Sensory Experience and the Foundations of Knowledge. Synthese 33 (June):1-24.
Added to index2011-01-25
Total downloads121 ( #8,659 of 1,100,143 )
Recent downloads (6 months)31 ( #5,558 of 1,100,143 )
How can I increase my downloads?