David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
OUP Oxford (2008)
God, the Best, and Evil is an original treatment of some longstanding problems about God and his actions towards human beings. First, Bruce Langtry explores some implications of divine omnipotence, omniscience, and perfect goodness for God's providence. In particular, he investigates whether God is in some sense a maximizer. Second, he assesses the strength of objections to the existence of God that are based on the apparent fact that God could have created a better world than this one. Finally, he assesses the strength of objections to the existence of God that focus on the problem of evil. To create a (possible) world is to strongly or weakly actualize it. A world is prime if God can create it, and he cannot create a world better than it. This book's conclusions include the following: (1) If there is at least one prime world, then if God does create some world he will create a prime world. (2) If there are no prime worlds, then it does not follow that God does not exist. Instead, what follows is that if God creates a world he will create one that is good enough, despite the fact that he could create a world which is better. (3) This conclusion does not give rise to a good objection to theism, based on the apparent fact that the actual world is improvable and yet it is not good enough (4) Even if there is a best world, or several equal-best worlds, God cannot create any of them. (5) A good partial theodicy for evil can be provided, appealing to goods bound up with human free will, moral responsibility, and the roles of individuals' own personal traits in shaping their own and other people's lives. The partial theodicy is neutral between Theological Compatibilism and libertarianism. (6) The problem of evil does not provide a very strong objection to the existence of God.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$32.00 used (60% off) $63.36 new (21% off) $65.49 direct from Amazon (19% off) Amazon page|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Klaas J. Kraay (2011). Incommensurability, Incomparability, and God's Choice of a World. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (2):91 - 102.
W. Paul Franks (2013). Divine Freedom and Free Will Defenses. Heythrop Journal 55 (3).
Similar books and articles
James R. Beebe, Logical Problem of Evil. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Dariusz Lukasiewicz (2007). Logical and Metaphysical Assumptions of Bernard Bolzano's Theodicy. Forum Philosophicum 12 (1):33 - 56.
Josh Rasmussen (2004). On Creating Worlds Without Evil – Given Divine Counterfactual Knowledge. Religious Studies 40 (4):457-470.
Frank J. Murphy (1995). The Problem of Evil and a Plausible Defence. Religious Studies 31 (2):243 - 250.
Richard Swinburne (2003). Freedom and Evil. In Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.), What Philosophers Think. Continuum Press.
Erik J. Wielenberg (2004). A Morally Unsurpassable God Must Create the Best. Religious Studies 40 (1):43-62.
William Rowe (2002). Can God Be Free? Faith and Philosophy 19 (4):405-424.
Justin P. McBrayer (2010). Skeptical Theism. Philosophy Compass 5 (7):611-623.
Bruce Russell (2005). God in Relation to Possible Worlds Scenarios. Philo 8 (1):5-11.
James Kellenberger (2005). God's Goodness and God's Evil. Religious Studies 41 (1):23-37.
Mark Walker (2009). The Anthropic Argument Against the Existence of God. Sophia 48 (4):351 - 378.
Nicholas Everitt (2000). Why Only Perfection Is Good Enough. Philosophical Papers 29 (3):155-158.
Jeff Speaks (2011). Foreknowledge, Evil, and Compatibility Arguments. Faith and Philosophy 28 (3):269-293.
Added to index2012-01-31
Total downloads13 ( #116,720 of 1,096,707 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #162,598 of 1,096,707 )
How can I increase my downloads?