David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):667-694 (2002)
This article is about the beginnings of tissue culture-the culture of living, reproducing cells of complex organisms outside the body. It argues that Ross Harrison's experiments in nerve culture between 1907 and 1910 should be viewed as part of a larger shift in early twentieth-century laboratory practice from in vivo to in vitro experimentation. Via a focus on the temporality of experiment-contrasting the live object of Harrison's investigation with the static object of histological representations-this article details the production of a new and surprising form of life, cellular life in vitro. Tissue culture, developed from Harrison's experiments, was greeted with great surprise and disbelief, despite Harrison's protestations that he had merely juxtaposed extant techniques. An analysis of these initial reactions to tissue culture illuminates the extent to which cells living visibly outside of the body in glass broke with in vivo practices and assumptions of the hiddenness and interiority of certain processes of growth and change.
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References found in this work BETA
Olaf Breidbach (1996). The Controversy on Stain Technologies — an Experimental Reexamination of the Dispute on the Cellular Nature of the Nervous System Around 1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):195 - 212.
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A. Cambrosio & P. Keating (2000). Of Lymphocytes and Pixels: The Techno-Visual Production of Cell Populations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (2):233-270.
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Citations of this work BETA
Hyung Wook Park (2008). Edmund Vincent Cowdry and the Making of Gerontology as a Multidisciplinary Scientific Field in the United States. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):529 - 572.
Robert Rosenberger (2013). Mediating Mars: Perceptual Experience and Scientific Imaging Technologies. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (1):75-91.
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