Erkenntnis 68 (1):79 - 101 (2008)
|Abstract||In this paper, I argue that what underlies internalism about justification is a rationalist conception of justification, not a deontological conception of justification, and I argue for the plausibility of this rationalist conception of justification. The rationalist conception of justification is the view that a justified belief is a belief that is held in a rational way; since we exercise our rationality through conscious deliberation, the rationalist conception holds that a belief is justified iff a relevant possible instance of conscious deliberation would endorse the belief. The importance of conscious deliberation stems from its role in guiding us in acquiring true beliefs: whereas the externalist holds that if we wish to acquire true beliefs, we have to begin by assuming that some of our usual methods of belief formation generally provide us with true beliefs, the internalist holds that if we form beliefs by conscious deliberation, we can be conscious of reasons for thinking that our beliefs are true. Conscious deliberation can make us conscious of reasons because it proceeds via rational intuitions. I argue that despite the fallibility of rational intuition, rational intuitions do enable us to become conscious of reasons for belief.|
|Keywords||Rationality Justification Internalism Externalism Deliberation Consciousness Rational intuition|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alexander Jackson (2011). Appearances, Rationality, and Justified Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):564-593.
Dan D. Crawford (2002). Ultra-Strong Internalism and the Reliabilist Insight. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:311-328.
Jonathan Sutton (2005). Stick to What You Know. Noûs 39 (3):359–396.
Ralph Wedgwood (2011). Primitively Rational Belief-Forming Processes. In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press.
Robert Audi (1993). The Structure of Justification. Cambridge University Press.
B. J. C. Madison (2010). Epistemic Internalism. Philosophy Compass 5 (10):840-853.
William Harper (1998). Papier Mâché Problems in Epistemology: A Defense of Strong Internalism. Synthese 116 (1):27-49.
Joe Cruz & John Pollock (2004). The Chimerical Appeal of Epistemic Externalism. In Richard Schantz (ed.), The Externalist Challenge. De Gruyter.
John Greco (1990). Internalism and Epistemically Responsible Belief. Synthese 85 (2):245 - 277.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads52 ( #23,721 of 722,813 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #36,645 of 722,813 )
How can I increase my downloads?