David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 27 (9):500-507 (2013)
Payment to recruit research subjects is a common practice but raises ethical concerns relating to the potential for coercion or undue influence. We conducted the first national study of IRB members and human subjects protection professionals to explore attitudes as to whether and why payment of research participants constitutes coercion or undue influence. Upon critical evaluation of the cogency of ethical concerns regarding payment, as reflected in our survey results, we found expansive or inconsistent views about coercion and undue influence that may interfere with valuable research. In particular, respondents appear to believe that coercion and undue influence lie on a continuum; by contrast, we argue that they are wholly distinct: whereas undue influence is a cognitive distortion relating to assessment of risks and benefits, coercion is a threat of harm. Because payment is an offer, rather than a threat, payment is never coercive
|Keywords||coercion undue influence payment|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christine Grady (2001). Money for Research Participation: Does It Jeopardize Informed Consent? American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):40 – 44.
Ruth W. Grant & Jeremy Sugarman (2004). Ethics in Human Subjects Research: Do Incentives Matter? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):717 – 738.
R. Klitzman (2013). How IRBs View and Make Decisions About Coercion and Undue Influence. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (4):224.
Angela Ballantyne (2008). Benefits to Research Subjects in International Trials: Do They Reduce Exploitation or Increase Undue Inducement? Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):178-191.
Betty Kwagala, Douglas Wassenaar & Julius Ecuru (2010). Payments and Direct Benefits in Hiv/Aids Related Research Projects in Uganda. Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):95 – 109.
Julius Ecuru, Douglas Wassenaar & Betty Kwagala (2010). Payments and Direct Benefits in HIV/AIDS Related Research Projects in Uganda. Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):95-109.
Trisha Phillips (2011). Exploitation in Payments to Research Subjects. Bioethics 25 (4):209-219.
Ari VanderWalde (2005). Undue Inducement: The Only Objection to Payment? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):25 – 27.
Jan-Willem van der Rijt (2011). Coercive Interference and Moral Judgment. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):549-567.
Joan McGregor (1988). Bargaining Advantages and Coercion in the Market. Philosophy Research Archives 14:23-50.
Martin Gunderson (1979). Threats and Coercion. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):247 - 259.
Thomas Tomlinson (1986). The Physician's Influence on Patients' Choices. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (2).
Mikhail Valdman (2009). On the Morality of Guinea-Pig Recruitment. Bioethics 24 (6):287-294.
Russell Hardin (1990). Rationally Justifying Political Coercion. Journal of Philosophical Research 15:79-91.
Added to index2012-04-13
Total downloads16 ( #101,965 of 1,100,683 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #22,760 of 1,100,683 )
How can I increase my downloads?