David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 25 (3) (2010)
Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during ontogeny, the evaluative communication (approval/disapproval) between parents and offspring is substituted by other evaluative communications among peers, like individuals of the same generation. Each person belongs to a reference social group with individuals that interact more intensively. Humans have developed psychological mechanisms that enable cultural transmission by being receptive to parental advice as well as their reference social group. The selective pressure that promoted these new evaluative interactions arose to facilitate the establishment of efficient cooperative relationships. In short, the social control of behavior is essential to understand human cultural transmission.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Richard Pocklington (2000). Selection: Units, Modes, and Levels. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):156-157.
Karen W. Pryor (2001). Cultural Transmission of Behavior in Animals: How a Modern Training Technology Uses Spontaneous Social Imitation in Cetaceans and Facilitates Social Imitation in Horses and Dogs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):352-352.
Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Richard McElreath & Kari Britt Schroeder (2006). Analogies Are Powerful and Dangerous Things. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):350-351.
Pascal Boyer (1998). Cultural Transmission with an Evolved Intuitive Ontology: Domain-Specific Cognitive Tracks of Inheritance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):570-571.
R. Lee Lyman (2006). Cultural Traits and Cultural Integration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):357-358.
Sandra D. Mitchell (1986). Can Sociobiology Adapt to Cultural Selection? PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:87 - 96.
Laureano Castro, Alfonso Medina & Miguel A. Toro (2004). Hominid Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Language. Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):721-737.
Added to index2010-02-10
Total downloads14 ( #126,388 of 1,413,447 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,636 of 1,413,447 )
How can I increase my downloads?