David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):537-552 (2009)
People have intuitively assumed that many acts of volition are not influenced by unconscious information. However, the available evidence suggests that under suitable conditions, unconscious information can influence behavior and the underlying neural mechanisms. One possibility is that stimuli that are consciously perceived tend to yield strong signals in the brain, and this makes us think that consciousness has the function of sending such strong signals. However, if we could create conditions where the stimuli could produce strong signals but not the conscious experience of perception, perhaps we would find that such stimuli are just as effective in influencing volitional behavior
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Citations of this work BETA
Hakwan Lau & David Rosenthal (2011). Empirical Support for Higher-Order Theories of Conscious Awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):365-373.
Joshua Shepherd (2012). Free Will and Consciousness: Experimental Studies. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):915-927.
Liad Mudrik, Nathan Faivre & Christof Koch (2014). Information Integration Without Awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):488-496.
Filip Van Opstal, Wim Gevers, Magda Osman & Tom Verguts (2010). Unconscious Task Application. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):999-1006.
Kobe Desender & Eva Van den Bussche (2012). The Magnitude of Priming Effects is Not Independent of Prime Awareness. Reply to Francken, van Gaal, & de Lange (2011). Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1571-1572.
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