Graduate studies at Western
Synthese 190 (16):3495-3510 (2013)
|Abstract||We often explain by citing an absence or an omission. Apart from the problem of assigning a causal role to such apparently negative factors as absences and omissions, there is a puzzle as to why only some absences and omissions, out of indefinitely many, should figure in explanations. In this paper we solve this ’many absences problem’ by using the contrastive model of explanation. The contrastive model of explanation is developed by adapting Peter Lipton’s account. What initially appears to be only a trivial amendment to Lipton’s Difference Condition enables us both to offer a much more satisfactory solution to the ’many absences problem’ than David Lewis did, and also to explain why explanation in terms of absences and omissions should be so common|
|Keywords||Explanation Causation Omission Absence Contrast Difference condition Counterfactual|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Jaakko Kuorikoski (2012). Contrastive Statistical Explanation and Causal Heterogeneity. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (3):435-452.
Oisín Deery (2013). Absences and Late Preemption. Theoria 79 (1):309-325.
C. Hitchcock (1999). Contrastive Explanation and the Demons of Determinism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (4):585-612.
Kareem Khalifa (2011). Contrastive Explanations as Social Accounts. Social Epistemology 24 (4):263-284.
Peter Lipton (1991). Contrastive Explanation and Causal Triangulation. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):687-697.
Caterina Marchionni (2006). Contrastive Explanation and Unrealistic Models: The Case of the New Economic Geography. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (4):425-446.
Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (2012). Against the Contrastive Account of Singular Causation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-143.
Boris Kukso (2006). The Reality of Absences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):21 – 37.
Neil Levy (2005). Contrastive Explanations: A Dilemma for Libertarians. Dialectica 59 (1):51-61.
Bruce Glymour (1998). Contrastive, Non-Probabilistic Statistical Explanations. Philosophy of Science 65 (3):448-471.
J. M. Bing (1983). Contrastive Stress, Contrastive Intonation and Contrastive Meaning. Journal of Semantics 2 (2):141-156.
Philip Percival (2000). Lewis's Dilemma of Explanation Under Indeterminism Exposed and Resolved. Mind 109 (433):39-66.
Jeff Kochan (2010). Contrastive Explanation and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. Social Studies of Science 40 (1):127-44.
Jason Dickenson (2007). Reasons, Causes, and Contrasts. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (1):1–23.
D. Benjamin Barros (2013). Negative Causation in Causal and Mechanistic Explanation. Synthese 190 (3):449-469.
Added to index2012-10-12
Total downloads8 ( #131,816 of 739,347 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,187 of 739,347 )
How can I increase my downloads?