David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (2):107 – 119 (1993)
Abstract The concepts of consciousness and the unconscious have been problematic for cognitive science. This paper is an attempt to determine if artistic and, especially, scientific creativity, taken as a paradigm of cognitive activity, can be explained without recourse to the concept of the unconscious. It opens with a description of creative experience, guided by the works of Arthur Koestler and Abraham Pais and illustrated by anecdotes from the history of science. It then offers a summary and critique of the classical Freudian account of creativity. Next, adopting the perspective of connectionism or parallel distributed processing, the paper proceeds to examine the possibility of creative insight in neural networks. It closes with some observations on the brain/mind problem and with remarks on the necessity and usefulness of the unconscious as an explanatory construct
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References found in this work BETA
Dan Lloyd (1989). Simple Minds. MIT Press.
Arthur Koestler (1965). The Act of Creation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (63):255-257.
Sigmund Freud & A. A. Brill (1913). The Interpretation of Dreams. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (20):551-555.
Dan Lloyd (1991). Leaping to Conclusions: Connectionism, Consciousness, and the Computational Mind. In Terence E. Horgan & John L. Tienson (eds.), Connectionism and the Philosophy of Mind. Kluwer 444--459.
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