David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Public Affairs 40 (1):3-44 (2012)
It is generally agreed that using lethal or otherwise serious force in self-defense is justified only when three conditions are satisfied: first, there are some grounds for the defender to give priority to his own interests over those of the attacker (whether because the attacker has lost the protection of his right to life, for example, or because of the defender’s prerogative to prefer himself to others); second, the harm used is proportionate to the threat thereby averted; third, the harm is necessary to avert that threat. The first and second conditions have been exhaustively discussed, but the third has been oddly neglected. Meanwhile a prominent school of thought has arisen, in the ethics of war, which seeks to ground the justification of killing in war in principles of individual self-defense. They too have failed to offer any substantive analysis of necessity, while at the same time appealing to it when it suits them to do so. In this paper, I attempt a detailed analysis of the necessity constraint on defensive force, and explore the implications of that analysis for the attempt to transpose principles of individual self-defense into the context of warfare.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Seth Lazar (2015). Authority, Oaths, Contracts, and Uncertainty in War. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):52-58.
Jonathan Parry (2015). Liability, Community, and Just Conduct in War. Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3313-3333.
Similar books and articles
Daniel Statman (2011). Can Wars Be Fought Justly? The Necessity Condition Put to the Test. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):435-451.
David Rodin (2004). War and Self-Defense. Ethics and International Affairs 18 (1):63–68.
Karsten J. Struhl (2006). Can There Be a Just War? Radical Philosophy Today 2006:3-25.
James Turner Johnson (2008). The Idea of Defense in Historical and Contemporary Thinking About Just War. Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (4):543-556.
Joseph Boyle (2011). Waging Defensive War: The Idea and its Normative Importance. Journal of Military Ethics 10 (3):148-159.
James A. Stroble (1998). Justification of War in Ancient China. Asian Philosophy 8 (3):165 – 190.
Karol Polcyn (2006). Conceivability, Possibility, and a Posteriori Necessity: On Chalmers' Argument for Dualism. Diametros 7 (March):37-55.
Phillip Montague (2010). War and Self-Defense: A Critique and a Proposal. Diametros 23:69-83.
Daniel A. Dombrowski (2010). Just War Theory, Afghanistan, and Walzer. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):1-7.
Suzanne Uniacke (2011). Proportionality and Self-Defense. Law and Philosophy 30 (3):253-272.
Steven Metz & Phillip R. Cuccia (eds.) (2011). Defining War for the 21st Century. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College.
Jacob Blair (2008). Tensions in a Certain Conception of Just War as Law Enforcement. Res Publica 14 (4):303-311.
Youngjae Lee (2009). The Defense of Necessity and Powers of the Government. Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (2):133-145.
Steve Viner (2010). Self-Defense, Punishing Unjust Combatants and Justice in War. Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):297-319.
Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (1998). Kripke on Necessity and Identity. Philosophical Papers 27 (3):151-159.
Added to index2012-07-28
Total downloads234 ( #12,541 of 1,937,420 )
Recent downloads (6 months)55 ( #7,554 of 1,937,420 )
How can I increase my downloads?