The influence of sex versus sex-related traits on long-term memory for gist and detail from an emotional story
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):391-400 (2004)
Recent findings demonstrate sex-related differences in the neurobiological mechanisms by which emotional arousal influences memory, and raise questions about the extent to which memory for emotional events may differ between males and females. Here we examine whether sex-related differences exist in the recall of central information and peripheral detail from an emotional story. Healthy subjects viewed a brief, narrated slide-show containing emotional elements in its middle section. One week later, they received an incidental multiple-choice recognition test for the story. Following the test, each subject completed the BEM Sex-Role Inventory, an assessment of sex-related masculine and feminine traits. The results reveal no differences in recall of either central or peripheral story information when considering the performance of actual men and women, but a significant difference when considering male and females as determined by their BEM test scores. “BEM” males showed significantly enhanced recall of central emotional information. “BEM” females did not. Both groups showed significantly enhanced recall of peripheral emotional information, although this effect appeared larger in BEM females than in BEM males. The influences of “BEM” sex and type of information significantly interacted to influence emotional memory performance. These findings confirm the existence of sex-related influences in the recall of emotional information, and suggest that sex-related traits, rather than actual sex per se, may be a more sensitive indicator of these influences
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Nikole K. Ferree & Larry Cahill (2009). Post-Event Spontaneous Intrusive Recollections and Strength of Memory for Emotional Events in Men and Women. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):126-134.
Christina Regenbogen, Daniel A. Schneider, Andreas Finkelmeyer, Nils Kohn, Birgit Derntl, Thilo Kellermann, Raquel E. Gur, Frank Schneider & Ute Habel (2012). The Differential Contribution of Facial Expressions, Prosody, and Speech Content to Empathy. Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):995-1014.
Jill D. Waring, Jessica D. Payne, Daniel L. Schacter & Elizabeth A. Kensinger (2010). Impact of Individual Differences Upon Emotion-Induced Memory Trade-Offs. Cognition and Emotion 24 (1):150-167.
Similar books and articles
Kevin MacDonald (1999). What About Sex Differences? An Adaptationist Perspective on “the Lines of Causal Influence” of Personality Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):530-531.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Wolfgang Klimesch & Bärbel Schack (2003). Activation of Long-Term Memory by Alpha Oscillations in a Working-Memory Task? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):743-743.
Myra J. Hird (2004). Sex, Gender, and Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
Mari Mikkola, Feminist Perspectives on Sex and Gender. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Joaquín M. Fuster (2003). More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Robert Van Wyk (2011). Morality of Teenage Sex and its Implications for Sex Education. In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love: 1993-2003. Rodopi.
Stephen R. Brown (2006). Naturalized Virtue Ethics and Same-Sex Love. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (1):41-47.
Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers & Richard M. Shiffrin (2003). Models Versus Descriptions: Real Differences and Language Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):753-753.
Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
Elie Spitz (2001). Sweet Gifts: A Jewish Response to Gilbert Meilaender. Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):19 - 23.
Jennifer D. Ryan & Neal J. Cohen (2003). The Contribution of Long-Term Memory and the Role of Frontal-Lobe Systems in on-Line Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):756-756.
Donatus O. Owuamanam (1987). Introducing Sex Education in the Formal Education System in Nigeria. Journal of Moral Education 16 (1):54-59.
Frank Rösler & Martin Heil (2003). Working Memory as a State of Activated Long-Term Memory: A Plausible Theory, but Other Data Provide More Compelling Evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):754-755.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads4 ( #364,872 of 1,696,247 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?