Melanesian axiology, communal land tenure, and the prospect of sustainable development within papua new guinea
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6 (1):89-101 (1993)
It is the contention of this paper that some progress in alleviating the social and environmental problems which are beginning to face Papua New Guinea can be achieved by supporting traditional Melanesian values through maintaining the customary system of communal land tenure. In accordance with this aim, I will proceed to contrast certain Western attitudes towards individual freedom, selfinterested behaviour, individual and communal interests and private ownership with attitudes and values expressed in the traditional Melanesian approach. In order to demonstrate the latter, I will briefly touch upon the phenomenon of wantokism and indicate how the Melanesian values associated with this concept find their locus in the system of customary communal ownership. Subsequently, I will describe how the emergence of a cash economy and the attachment to Western gadgetry and products have effected injury to the environment and undermined values which have previously maintained Melanesian social cohesion. While admitting that little can be done to eradicate the desire for cash and the products it can buy, I suggest that Melanesian communities and the environment itself would receive more protection if future development in Papua New Guinea embraced a system which incorporated certain of the traditional Melanesian values through the preservation of the communal form of land tenure. Ultimately, I suggest a way in which customary communal land tenure can be integrated into the established Anglo-Australian legal system.
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Philip Catton (1989). Marxist Critical Theory, Contradictions, and Ecological Succession. Dialogue 28 (04):637-.
John Locke (1988). Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge University Press.
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Kevane & Leslie Gray, Evolving Tenure Rights and Agricultural Intensification in Southwestern Burkina Faso.
B. Juillerat (1988). "An Odor of Man": Melanesian Evolutionism, Anthropological Mythology and Matriarchy. Diogenes 36 (144):65-91.
Benedict Young Imbun (2007). Cannot Manage Without the ‚Significant Other': Mining, Corporate Social Responsibility and Local Communities in Papua New Guinea. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 73 (2):177 - 192.
Richard Dryden (1990). A Report From Papua New Guinea. Birth Defects: Traditional Beliefs Challenged by Scientific Explanations. Bioethics 4 (4):330–339.
James Hemming (1996). Morality After Myth. Journal of Moral Education 25 (1):39-45.
Michael Shermer (2006). Testing Tenure: Let the Market Decide. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):584-585.
Richard T. De George (2003). Ethics, Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):11-25.
Ruth Beilin (2011). Paige West, Conservation is Our Government Now: The Politics of Ecology in Papua New Guinea. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (1):75-85.
David R. Lea (1994). Lockean Property Rights, Tully's Community Ownership, and Melanesian Customary Communal Ownership. Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1):117-132.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #142,452 of 1,692,917 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #193,926 of 1,692,917 )
How can I increase my downloads?