David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Mind and Society 7 (2):193-214 (2007)
Confirmatory bias, defined as the tendency to misinterpret new pieces of evidence as confirming previously held hypotheses, can lead to implacable, even incorrect decision making. It is one of the biases, along with anchoring, framing, and other judgment heuristic errors, that may lead to non-optimal behavior. This paper tests for the existence of confirmatory bias behavior in a uniquely economic setting (tax policy) and in a context relatively lacking in ambiguity. It also tests whether the confirmatory bias phenomenon can be prevalent enough to affect aggregate outcomes, a characteristic important in economic models in particular. The results indicate not only that confirmatory bias exists, but that the confirmatory bias effect may be stronger for evidence relating to losses than for comparable evidence relating to gains.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross (1980). Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment. Prentice-Hall.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara K. Patrick (1981). Confirmatory Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):67-72.
Dan Moller (2009). Meta-Reasoning and Practical Deliberation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 79 (3):653 - 670.
James Friedrich (2004). The “Bias” Bias in Social Psychology: Adaptive When and How? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):335-336.
Frank Sligo & Nicole Stirton (1998). Does Hindsight Bias Change Perceptions of Business Ethics? Journal of Business Ethics 17 (2):111-124.
Doron Sonsino (2011). A Note on Negativity Bias and Framing Response Asymmetry. Theory and Decision 71 (2):235-250.
Nancy E. Shaffer (1996). Understanding Bias in Scientific Practice. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):97.
Janne Chung & Gary S. Monroe (2003). Exploring Social Desirability Bias. Journal of Business Ethics 44 (4):291 - 302.
Robert J. Wilkus (1980). The EEG as Confirmatory Evidence of Brain Death: Previous and Current Approaches. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):39-45.
Anna Harvey & Michael J. Woodruff, Confirmation Bias in the United States Supreme Court Judicial Database.
Martin Jones & Robert Sugden (2001). Positive Confirmation Bias in the Acquisition of Information. Theory and Decision 50 (1):59-99.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads16 ( #220,756 of 1,793,264 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #169,500 of 1,793,264 )
How can I increase my downloads?