David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Review 119 (4):531 - 563 (2010)
Spinoza's remarks about consciousness in the Ethics constitute two theories about conscious experience and knowledge. Several remarks, including 3p9 and 4p8, make the point that self knowledge—an especially valuable good for Spinoza—is not available to introspection. We are, as a matter of course, conscious of ourselves, but we do not, as a matter of course, know ourselves. A second group of remarks, all of which occur in part 5 of the Ethics, emphasizes a different point about consciousness and knowledge: the knowledge that distinguishes the minds of the most powerful or virtuous people is conscious. The characterization of human consciousness that underlies both theories is best understood as one on which a wide variety of ideas in human minds are conscious, and the intensity or degree of consciousness of a given idea is a function of its power. For human minds, because the power of any idea derives from the power of its causes and because many ideas have external causes, there are no grounds for taking the intensity of conscious experience to track a mind's power closely. Rather, as the second group of remarks suggests, power in a human mind tracks the degree to which knowledge characterizes a mind's conscious states
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Kathleen Wider (2013). Sartre and Spinoza on the Nature of Mind. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):555-575.
Similar books and articles
Michael LeBuffe (2010). From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence. Oxford University Press.
Andrea Sangiacomo (2011). Adequate Knowledge and Bodily Complexity in Spinoza’s Account of Consciousness. Methodus 6:77-104.
Steven Nadler (2008). Spinoza and Consciousness. Mind 117 (467):575-601.
Mogens Laerke (2011). Spinoza's Cosmological Argument in the 'Ethics'. Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):439 - 462.
David Papineau (2003). Theories of Consciousness. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford: Clarendon Press 353.
Christopher Martin (2007). Consciousness in Spinoza's Philosophy of Mind. Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):269-287.
Oded Balaban (1990). Subject and Consciousness: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Self-Consciousness. Rowman & Littlefield.
Eckart Förster & Yitzhak Y. Melamed (eds.) (2012). Spinoza and German Idealism. Cambridge University Press.
George Louis Kline (1952/1981). Spinoza in Soviet Philosophy: A Series of Essays, Selected and Translated, and with an Introduction. Hyperion Press.
Don Garrett (2008). Representation and Consciousness in Spinoza's Naturalistic Theory of the Imagination. In Charles Huenemann (ed.), Interpreting Spinoza: Critical Essays. Cambridge University Press 4--25.
Michael LeBuffe (2007). Spinoza's Normative Ethics. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (3):371-391.
Kristina Meshelski (2011). Two Kinds of Definition in Spinoza's Ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):201-218.
Added to index2010-10-29
Total downloads68 ( #46,926 of 1,724,745 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #134,580 of 1,724,745 )
How can I increase my downloads?