David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):157-164 (1994)
There is concern that human applications of modern genetic technologies may lead inexorably to eugenic abuse. To prevent such abuse, it is essential to have clear, formal principles as well as algorithms for distinguishing genetics from eugenics. This work identifies essential distinctions between eugenics and genetics in the implied nature of the social contract and the importance ascribed to individual welfare relative to society. Rawls's construction of 'justice as fairness' is used as a model for how a formal systems of ethics can be used to proscribe eugenic practices. Rawls's synthesis can be applied to this problem if it is assumed that in the original condition all individuals are ignorant of their genetic constitution and unwilling to consent to social structures which may constrain their own potential. The principles of fairness applied to genetics requires that genetic interventions be directed at extending individual liberties and be applied to the greatest benefit of individuals with the least advantages. These principles are incompatible with negative eugenics which would further penalize those with genetic disadvantage. These principles limit positive eugenics to those practices which are designed to provide absolute benefit to those individuals with least advantage, are acceptable to its subjects, and further a system of basic equal liberties. This analysis also illustrates how simple deviations from first principles in Rawls's formulation could countenance eugenic applications of genetic technologies
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Andy Miah (2007). Genetics, Bioethics and Sport. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):146 – 158.
Similar books and articles
Robert Sparrow (2011). Liberalism and Eugenics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):499 - 517.
Paul Weindling (2010). Genetics, Eugenics, and the Holocaust. In Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. The University of Chicago Press.
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta (2007). Private and Public Eugenics: Genetic Testing and Screening in India. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):217-228.
Edmund Ramsden (2008). Eugenics From the New Deal to the Great Society: Genetics, Demography and Population Quality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):391-406.
Roberta L. Millstein & Robert A. Skipper (2007). Population Genetics. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
Dong-il Kim (2013). Right, Equality, and the Fairness Obligation. Philosophia 41 (3):795-807.
Arthur Zucker (1981). Holism and Reductionism: A View From Genetics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):145-164.
Eva M. Neumann-Held (2001). Can It Be a 'Sin' to Understand Disease? On 'Genes' and 'Eugenics' and an 'Unconnected Connection'. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):5 - 17.
Russell E. Vance (1996). Heroic Antireductionism and Genetics: A Tale of One Science. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):45.
Gregory K. Pike (2010). What 'Really' Is Eugenics? Bioethics Research Notes 22 (4):47.
A. Lindenmayer & N. Simon (1980). The Formal Structure of Genetics and the Reduction Problem. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:160 - 170.
Tomasz Sahaj (2006). XIX- i XX-wieczna eugenika społeczna w ujęciu historyczno-filozoficznym. Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 50.
Roberto Alejandro (1998). The Limits of Rawlsian Justice. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Added to index2010-09-13
Total downloads25 ( #98,675 of 1,696,494 )
Recent downloads (6 months)17 ( #30,712 of 1,696,494 )
How can I increase my downloads?